ON THIS DAY
1608: John Milton, English poet who wrote Paradise Lost and Samson Agonistes, was born in London.
1783: The first executions took place at the notorious Newgate Prison in London. It is said between 1790 and 1902 more than 1,000 people were put to death there.
1884: Roller skates were patented by a Mr L Richardson of Chicago.
1886: Clarence Birdseye, American pioneer of the frozen food company, was born.
1892: English football club Newcastle United was founded.
1917: Jerusalem, held by the Turks, surrendered to General Allenby.
1960: The first episode of Coronation Street was televised - although it was not networked until spring 1961. It was originally called Florizel Street.
1979: The eradication of the smallpox virus was certified, making smallpox the first of only two diseases that have been driven to extinction (rinderpest in 2011 being the other).
1990: Solidarity leader Lech Walesa, above, was elected president of Poland.
ON THIS DAY LAST YEAR: Walkers launched a crisp packet recycling scheme in response to a public campaign against plastic waste.