ON THIS DAY
1784: Dr Samuel Johnson, writer and lexicographer, died.
1867: Twelve people died when Irish bombers blew up the outer wall of London’s Clerkenwell prison in an attempt to rescue a jailed colleague.
1903: Ice-cream cones were patented by Italo Marcione of New York.
1904: The Metropolitan Underground railway in London went electric.
1939: The Battle of the River Plate began, with British warships attacking the great German battleship Admiral Graf Spee.
1967: King Constantine fled Greece after an unsuccessful bid to topple the military junta.
1973: A three-day working week was ordered by the Government because of the Arab oil embargo and the coal miners’ industrial action.
2010: Richard Holbrooke, the long-serving US diplomat who was the architect of the 1995 Bosnia peace plan and served as special envoy to Pakistan and Afghanistan for President Barack Obama, above, died at the age of 69.
ON THIS DAY LAST YEAR:
Keira Knightley picked up an OBE for her services to drama and charity.