ON THIS DAY
1560: The first General Assembly of the Church of Scotland was held.
1915: Australian, New Zealand and British troops were evacuated from the ill-fated Gallipoli expedition.
1928: Harry Ramsden started his fish and chip restaurant in a hut in Guiseley, near Leeds, which soon became the most famous in the world.
1957: At the height of his career, Elvis Presley, above, received his call-up papers.
1961: The London bells of St Mary-le-Bow, Cheapside, began chiming again. They are the Bow Bells in the rhyme Oranges And Lemons, within the range of whose sound true Cockneys must be born.
1982: Two Townsend Thoresen ferries collided off Harwich with the loss of six lives.
1990: The last remaining pit in the Rhondda – Maerdy Colliery – closed after the afternoon shift finished, ending more than a century of coal mining.
1995: The Queen, above, urged the Prince and Princess of Wales to seek “an early divorce”.
ON THIS DAY LAST YEAR: The owner of a garage used by Banksy as a canvas for an artwork said they were paying for a security firm to protect it from vandals.