ON THIS DAY
1822: Louis Pasteur, chemist and bacteriologist, was born in Dole, France.
1831: Admiralty survey ship HMS Beagle, with Charles Darwin on board, set out from Plymouth on a scientific voyage around the world, which led to Darwin writing his controversial Origin Of Species.
1901: Marlene Dietrich, above, German actress who starred in The Blue Angel, was born.
1904: The first performance of James Barrie’s Peter Pan took place at the Duke of York’s theatre in London.
1927: Broadway staged the first performance of Show Boat by Jerome Kern, at the Ziegfeld Theatre.
1945: The International Monetary Fund (IMF) was established in Washington.
1965: The Sea Gem oil rig collapsed in the North Sea
– 13 died.
1978: Spain became a democracy after 40 years of dictatorship.
1985: Arab terrorists killed 12 people in attacks on El-Al check-in desks at Rome and Vienna airports.
ON THIS DAY LAST YEAR: An American man became the first person to trek across Antarctica alone without any assistance in an epic 54-day journey that was previously deemed impossible.