ON THIS DAY

Evening Times - - TIMES PAST -

1822: Louis Pas­teur, chemist and bac­te­ri­ol­o­gist, was born in Dole, France.

1831: Ad­mi­ralty sur­vey ship HMS Bea­gle, with Charles Dar­win on board, set out from Ply­mouth on a sci­en­tific voy­age around the world, which led to Dar­win writ­ing his con­tro­ver­sial Ori­gin Of Species.

1901: Mar­lene Di­et­rich, above, Ger­man ac­tress who starred in The Blue An­gel, was born.

1904: The first per­for­mance of James Bar­rie’s Peter Pan took place at the Duke of York’s theatre in Lon­don.

1927: Broad­way staged the first per­for­mance of Show Boat by Jerome Kern, at the Ziegfeld Theatre.

1945: The In­ter­na­tional Mone­tary Fund (IMF) was es­tab­lished in Wash­ing­ton.

1965: The Sea Gem oil rig col­lapsed in the North Sea

– 13 died.

1978: Spain be­came a democ­racy af­ter 40 years of dic­ta­tor­ship.

1985: Arab ter­ror­ists killed 12 peo­ple in at­tacks on El-Al check-in desks at Rome and Vi­enna air­ports.

ON THIS DAY LAST YEAR: An Amer­i­can man be­came the first per­son to trek across Antarc­tica alone with­out any as­sis­tance in an epic 54-day jour­ney that was pre­vi­ously deemed im­pos­si­ble.

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