Father of the space age
ON this day in 1907, Sergei Pavlovich Korolev was born in Soviet Russia.
After training as an aircraft designer, he was falsely imprisoned for six years before helping to launch the space age.
Once he was released from prison, Korolev was recognised as a brilliant rocket designer and later became director of the Soviet space programme.
Korolev achieved a string of space firsts from 1957, launching the first artificial satellite (Sputnik), the first animal into orbit (Laika, a dog), first man in space (Yuri Gagarin), first woman in space (Valentina Tereshkova), first multiple crew and the first space walk (Alexei Leonov).
During Korolev’s life, his identity was kept secret and he was known only as the Chief Designer.
Sergei Pavlovich Korolev
This report is from our friends at the Science Museum, part of the Science Museum Group.