First News - - SCI­ENCE NEWS -

TO­DAY (29 June) marks Na­tional Cam­era Day. While it’s easy now to take a quick snap­shot, tak­ing a photo has been the re­sult of cen­turies of ex­per­i­ment­ing.

The first suc­cess­ful pho­to­graph was taken in 1816 by Nicéphore Niépce, us­ing a very small cam­era he had made him­self with pa­per coated in sil­ver chlo­ride. His part­ner Louis Da­guerre kept work­ing on it and by 1837 had cre­ated the first prac­ti­cal pho­to­graphic process, called the ‘da­guerreo­type’.

In 1888, Ge­orge East­man re­ceived a pa­tent for the orig­i­nal Ko­dak cam­era’s shut­ter. East­man had de­signed a small box cam­era with film that could be pro­cessed eas­ily. As a re­sult, pho­tog­ra­phy went from be­ing a pro­fes­sional oc­cu­pa­tion to a pop­u­lar pas­time.

At the Na­tional Sci­ence and Me­dia Mu­seum in Brad­ford you can view cam­eras from the 1880s to the present day.

You can also ex­plore more pho­to­graphic ob­jects on­line at col­lec­tion.sci­ence­mu­

An East­man Ko­dak cam­era from 1925

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