TODAY (29 June) marks National Camera Day. While it’s easy now to take a quick snapshot, taking a photo has been the result of centuries of experimenting.
The first successful photograph was taken in 1816 by Nicéphore Niépce, using a very small camera he had made himself with paper coated in silver chloride. His partner Louis Daguerre kept working on it and by 1837 had created the first practical photographic process, called the ‘daguerreotype’.
In 1888, George Eastman received a patent for the original Kodak camera’s shutter. Eastman had designed a small box camera with film that could be processed easily. As a result, photography went from being a professional occupation to a popular pastime.
At the National Science and Media Museum in Bradford you can view cameras from the 1880s to the present day.
You can also explore more photographic objects online at collection.sciencemuseum.org.uk.
An Eastman Kodak camera from 1925