HIS­TORY OF AN­I­MA­TION

First News - - AN­I­MA­TION SPECIAL -

Long be­fore car­toons were in­vented, peo­ple were fig­ur­ing out how to an­i­mate things. We’re talk­ing a long time – 4,000 years ago in fact! For ex­am­ple, back in An­cient Greece, artists would paint a se­ries of im­ages that look very much like a sto­ry­board we’d use in an­i­ma­tion to­day. While there were lots of at­tempts at mak­ing an­i­mated im­ages, it wasn’t re­ally un­til the 1800s that things be­gan to get in­ter­est­ing. For starters, there was the cre­ation of some­thing called a zoetrope. In­vented by Wil­liam E Lin­coln in 1865, these were cylin­ders with a se­ries of im­ages on the in­side of them. You could see the pic­tures through slits and, when the zoetrope was spun, the im­ages would look like they were mov­ing. Mag­i­cal!

It wasn’t long af­ter that the first car­toons started to ap­pear. CharlesÉmile Rey­naud was one pi­o­neer, who painted char­ac­ters onto a trans­par­ent film reel and pro­jected it onto walls.

Later, with the in­ven­tion of the film camera, loads of new styles of an­i­ma­tion be­gan to be in­vented. As we moved to­wards the 1900s, it was found that by tak­ing a pic­ture of an ob­ject, then mov­ing that ob­ject and tak­ing an­other pic­ture of it, you could make it look like it was mov­ing on its own. This is called stop-mo­tion an­i­ma­tion, and loads of films are still made like this to­day. In 1908, French artist Émile Cohl cre­ated what is said to be the first tra­di­tion­ally an­i­mated film, Fan­tas­magorie, with each frame drawn by hand. Things have re­ally changed since then!

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