Tur­bot growth driven by aqua­cul­ture

Fish Farmer - - European News -

PRO­DUC­TION of tur­bot is grow­ing through­out Europe, largely thanks to an evo­lu­tion in farm­ing tech­niques.

This is the view of EUMOFA, the Eu­ro­pean Mar­ket Ob­ser­va­tory for Fish­eries and Aqua­cul­ture, which has re­cently com­pleted a case study on the species.

EUMOFA said that this evo­lu­tion be­gan in Scot­land in the 1970s; it was then in­tro­duced to France, but Spain took over a decade later, with a large scale in­crease in pro­duc­tion, par­tic­u­larly in the Gali­cia re­gion.

Techno-bi­o­log­i­cal im­prove­ments in the early 1990s trig­gered a steady but slow growth in pro­duc­tion across nu­mer­ous Eu­ro­pean

coun­tries, in­clud­ing the Nether­lands, Ger­many, Por­tu­gal, Ro­ma­nia and Croa­tia.

But a con­sid­er­able amount of tur­bot is still caught by con­ven­tional fish­ing meth­ods. Some 6,000 tonnes were landed in Europe in 2015, the lat­est year for which fig­ures are avail­able, with EU coun­tries, in­clud­ing the UK, ac­count­ing for 85 per cent of this to­tal.

How­ever, when it comes to aqua­cul­ture, the pro­duc­tion of farmed tur­bot in Europe reached 10,173 tonnes in the same year.

This com­pares to a global farmed to­tal of 65,000 tonnes, of which China is by far the largest non EU pro­ducer. Most of this Eu­ro­pean pro­duc­tion was in Spain (73 per cent) and

Por- tu­gal (23 per cent).

EUMOFA said EU pro­duc­tion of tur­bot reached a peak in 2012 at more than 11,000 tonnes, due to in­creased pro­duc­tion in Spain and Por­tu­gal.

How­ever, over the past decade, the French pro­duc­tion has ex­pe­ri­enced a marked down­ward trend (mi­nus 65 per cent), whereas the Dutch pro­duc­tion has re­mained rel­a­tively sta­ble.

The re­port said: ‘Over­all, ap­prox­i­mately 15,000 tonnes of tur­bot are con­sumed in the EU, mainly fresh. Con­sump­tion is con­cen­trated in Spain, France and Italy, which rep­re­sent about three quar­ters of the EU ap­par­ent mar­ket.

‘This makes tur­bot a niche mar­ket com­pared with other ma­jor species. Tur­bot trade is char­ac­terised al­most en­tirely by in­tra-EU flows, mostly re­lated to the ex­port of farmed tur­bot from Spain and Por­tu­gal and wild caught tur­bot from the Nether­lands.’ EUMOFA said fish­ing is also show­ing a pos­i­tive trend, with 93 per cent growth be­tween 2006 and 2015. The main pro­duc­ers are the Nether­lands, France and the UK.

Left Tur­bot

Newspapers in English

Newspapers from UK

© PressReader. All rights reserved.