THE NINE FACES OF THE WOLF
Video footage gives a better impression of the differences between expressions, such as anxiety and interest, but photos provide a good guide to what wolves can convey with their faces
The animal opens its eyes wide, points its ears up and wrinkles its nose while snarling, growling and bearing its teeth. It may also snap its jaw.
The wolf sucks in air through its lips, creating cheek depressions. It may also sniff and whimper.
With its ears pricked up, the wolf tilts its head and sniffs about.
Fear is expressed by opening the eyes wide, raising the inner eyebrows, flattening ears back and sometimes also lowering the head.
The wolf may blink frequently, raise its inner eyebrows, grin submissively and put its ears back flat against the head. It may also flick its tongue.
Happiness is being conveyed when the wolf blinks and raises its head. Sometimes its tongue can be seen near edge of its lower teeth but it isn’t flicked.
With its ears pointing up and forwards, the wolf may bob its head while sniffing.
The wolf pulls the corners of its lips back and drops its jaw. It pushes its ears forward and sometimes may mouth another wolf without biting it.
The eyes are wide and inner eyebrows are raised, while the ears are pointed up and forwards.