THE NINE FACES OF THE WOLF

Video footage gives a bet­ter im­pres­sion of the dif­fer­ences be­tween ex­pres­sions, such as anx­i­ety and in­ter­est, but pho­tos pro­vide a good guide to what wolves can con­vey with their faces

Focus-Science and Technology - - TALKING WITH WOLVES -

ANGER

The an­i­mal opens its eyes wide, points its ears up and wrin­kles its nose while snarling, growl­ing and bear­ing its teeth. It may also snap its jaw.

ANX­I­ETY

The wolf sucks in air through its lips, cre­at­ing cheek de­pres­sions. It may also sniff and whim­per.

CU­RIOS­ITY

With its ears pricked up, the wolf tilts its head and sniffs about.

FEAR

Fear is ex­pressed by open­ing the eyes wide, rais­ing the in­ner eye­brows, flat­ten­ing ears back and some­times also low­er­ing the head.

FRIEND­LI­NESS

The wolf may blink fre­quently, raise its in­ner eye­brows, grin sub­mis­sively and put its ears back flat against the head. It may also flick its tongue.

HAP­PI­NESS

Hap­pi­ness is be­ing con­veyed when the wolf blinks and raises its head. Some­times its tongue can be seen near edge of its lower teeth but it isn’t flicked.

IN­TER­EST

With its ears point­ing up and for­wards, the wolf may bob its head while sniff­ing.

JOY

The wolf pulls the cor­ners of its lips back and drops its jaw. It pushes its ears for­ward and some­times may mouth an­other wolf with­out bit­ing it.

SUR­PRISE

The eyes are wide and in­ner eye­brows are raised, while the ears are pointed up and for­wards.

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