How to prune apples
Apple trees benefit from being pruned twice a year – once in the dormant season and again in midsummer. The dormant season is any time after the leaves have fallen, through until the plant starts back into growth in spring. Pruning should involve thinning out overcrowded branches and fruit spurs, as well as damaged, diseased and crossing stems. At the same time, vigorous stems can be cut back by half. Remember that hard pruning in the dormant season will promote more vigorous regrowth in spring. So, to limit the size of trees and to promote more fruit, summer pruning is hugely beneficial, too.