Step by step
1 CREATE a framework by selecting up to four (one or two under glass) of the thickest strongest stems.
2 REMOVE any strong growths you don’t want to form part of your main framework.
3 PRUNE back the remaining sideshoots to two buds above their base to create ‘spurs’.
4 TIE in the framework stems as horizontally as possible to promote even growth from each of the spurs.