Most of present-day Georgia becomes part of the Russian Empire.
Future Soviet leader Iosif Dzhugashvili (Joseph Stalin) is born in the town of Gori in eastern Georgia.
An independent Georgian state is declared in the wake of the Russian Revolution.
The Red Army invades; Georgia is absorbed into the emerging Soviet Union.
Protests against Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev’s de-Stalinisation policy turn violent and prompt calls for secession from the USSR; the uprising is brutally crushed by Soviet forces.
Demands for more autonomy in the South Ossetia region lead to violent clashes between Georgians and Ossetians. Soviet peacekeepers are deployed.
The Georgian parliament declares secession from the Soviet Union after independence is overwhelmingly supported in a referendum.
Separatists drive Georgian troops out of almost all of Abkhazia, which becomes an internationally unrecognised breakaway state under Russian tutelage.
Georgia is drawn into a war in breakaway South Ossetia that sees Russian forces intervene and evict Georgia’s forces from its remaining areas of control in the region, as well as from Abkhazia.