TIME­LINE

Geographical - - SPOT­LIGHT ON... -

1801–04

Most of present-day Georgia be­comes part of the Rus­sian Em­pire.

1879

Fu­ture Soviet leader Iosif Dzhugashvi­li (Joseph Stalin) is born in the town of Gori in east­ern Georgia.

1918

An in­de­pen­dent Ge­or­gian state is de­clared in the wake of the Rus­sian Rev­o­lu­tion.

1921

The Red Army in­vades; Georgia is ab­sorbed into the emerg­ing Soviet Union.

1956

Protests against Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev’s de-Stal­in­i­sa­tion pol­icy turn vi­o­lent and prompt calls for se­ces­sion from the USSR; the up­ris­ing is bru­tally crushed by Soviet forces.

1989

De­mands for more au­ton­omy in the South Os­se­tia re­gion lead to vi­o­lent clashes be­tween Ge­or­gians and Os­se­tians. Soviet peace­keep­ers are de­ployed.

1991

The Ge­or­gian par­lia­ment de­clares se­ces­sion from the Soviet Union af­ter in­de­pen­dence is over­whelm­ingly sup­ported in a ref­er­en­dum.

1993

Sep­a­ratists drive Ge­or­gian troops out of al­most all of Abk­hazia, which be­comes an in­ter­na­tion­ally un­recog­nised break­away state un­der Rus­sian tute­lage.

2008

Georgia is drawn into a war in break­away South Os­se­tia that sees Rus­sian forces in­ter­vene and evict Georgia’s forces from its re­main­ing ar­eas of con­trol in the re­gion, as well as from Abk­hazia.

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