NATURE AND GEOGRAPHY
Georgia is situated on the Black Sea coast between the mountain ranges of the Greater Caucasus in the north (which form a natural border with Russia) and the Lesser Caucasus in the south. The country’s economic, political and demographic resources are concentrated in the central valley around Tbilisi (which has a population of 1.1 million) – outside of the capital, people live much more secluded lives, primarily within mountainous terrain. Mountains occupy two thirds of Georgia’s land area and many of these are covered by forests that are home to Caucasian deer, Caucasian leopards, roebuck, wild boar, hares, squirrels, brown bears, wolves, jackals, badgers, lynx and foxes. The woods that run along the Black Sea coast are especially varied, featuring alpine and subalpine meadows, and even subtropical rainforest. The four deepest caves in the world are located in Georgia. The deepest – Veryovkina Cave – is 2,212 metres deep; its lowest point was only discovered in 2018.