NA­TURE AND GE­OG­RA­PHY

Geographical - - SPOT­LIGHT ON... -

Georgia is sit­u­ated on the Black Sea coast be­tween the moun­tain ranges of the Greater Cau­ca­sus in the north (which form a nat­u­ral bor­der with Rus­sia) and the Lesser Cau­ca­sus in the south. The coun­try’s eco­nomic, po­lit­i­cal and de­mo­graphic re­sources are con­cen­trated in the cen­tral val­ley around Tbil­isi (which has a pop­u­la­tion of 1.1 mil­lion) – out­side of the cap­i­tal, peo­ple live much more se­cluded lives, pri­mar­ily within moun­tain­ous ter­rain. Moun­tains oc­cupy two thirds of Georgia’s land area and many of these are cov­ered by forests that are home to Cau­casian deer, Cau­casian leop­ards, roe­buck, wild boar, hares, squir­rels, brown bears, wolves, jack­als, bad­gers, lynx and foxes. The woods that run along the Black Sea coast are es­pe­cially var­ied, fea­tur­ing alpine and sub­alpine mead­ows, and even sub­trop­i­cal rain­for­est. The four deep­est caves in the world are lo­cated in Georgia. The deep­est – Very­ovk­ina Cave – is 2,212 me­tres deep; its low­est point was only dis­cov­ered in 2018.

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