to roam freely, albeit with a limit on numbers. The government lethally controls wolf populations that rise above that limit or venture too far afield. Poaching also remains a problem. Italy’s 60 Marsican brown bears are classified as critically endangered by the IUCN, but three bears were killed per year between 1975 and 1985, with poaching accounting for 60 per cent of deaths. In November 2007, destruction of livestock motivated the killing of three brown bears and five wolves in the area. Reintroduction campaigns often lead to polarised opinions. In 2000, 30 years after the reintroduction of lynx to the eastern Alps in Switzerland in the 1970s, the Bern Environmental . 39 October 2020
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