GEO-GRAPHIC There are more than 9,000 offshore oil and gas platforms in service worldwide. Accounting for one third of the total value of the ocean economy, the oil and gas sector is the largest oceanbased industry. Nearly 70% of the major discoveries of hydrocarbon deposits between 2000 and 2010 happened offshore and further reserves are suspected to exist in the deep sea. 16 Deep hydrocarbons growth by decade 12 8 4 0 1990 2000 2010 2020 1980 In 2017, global fish production reached an all-time high of 179M The equivalent of 1,193,000 Seafood Since the 1960s, rates of fish consumption have been increasing twice as rapidly as population growth and fish has become one of the most widely traded food commodities. TONNES fully grown blue whales. People and land reclamation More than 40% of the global population lives in areas within 200 km of the ocean, and 12 of the world’s 15 megacities are coastal. Land reclamation has become critical to resolve land shortages. 60 Since 1970, aquaculture production has grown at an average annual rate of 8% worldwide, exceeding the growth rate of any other food-production system. Marine aquaculture growth by decade 40 20 Global data on the annual area of land reclaimed from the ocean is not available, but a recent analysis of satellite imagery estimated that 0 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010 2020 33,700 KM2 of land has been added to coastal areas over the past 30 years. . Geographical 50
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