Dubious hero


Robert Lee, a historian at the University of Cambridge, has revealed that a rare map stored in the National Archives was likely produced by William Clark, the oncerevere­d US explorer, Indian agent and territoria­l governor, and casts him in a poor light. Lee argues that the map shows how Clark grafted 4.2 million hectares of Sauk, Meskwaki and Iowa territory onto the USA after the War of 1812. ‘This astonishin­g map shows how William Clark leveraged the US–Indian treaty system to promote settler supremacy in the USA at a time when he’s been praised for trying to protect Indigenous land from squatters,’ says Lee. ‘Now we can see just how scheming and disingenuo­us he really was.’

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