In­ter­ven­tion in Mex­ico

This dis­as­trous at­tempt to cre­ate an im­pe­rial client state in Mex­ico be­tween 1862-67 ended in mil­i­tary hu­mil­i­a­tion for France

History of War - - CONTENTS -

France’s at­tempt to es­tab­lish an im­pe­rial client state in Mex­ico ended in hu­mil­i­a­tion

BAT­TLE OF PUE­BLA 5 MAY 1862 PUE­BLA CITY

French gen­eral Charles de Lorencez leads an army towards Mex­ico City, but the path is blocked at Pue­bla. The French at­tack a for­ti­fied Mex­i­can de­fen­sive po­si­tion but are re­pulsed by repub­li­cans led by Ig­na­cio Zaragoza. The French lose hun­dreds of men and are forced to re­treat to the coast.

SIEGE OF PUE­BLA 16 MARCH-17 MAY 1863 PUE­BLA CITY

The French en­cir­cle Pue­bla and make sev­eral as­saults against the repub­li­can gar­ri­son. Mex­i­can at­tempts to re­lieve the siege fail, and the gar­ri­son even­tu­ally asks for an armistice. The French oc­cupy the city, which also opens the road to Mex­ico City.

BAT­TLE OF CAMARÓN 30 APRIL 1863 CAMARÓN DE TEJEDA, VER­ACRUZ

The French For­eign Le­gion fights its most fa­mous ac­tion while pro­tect­ing a sup­ply con­voy trav­el­ling to the Siege of Pue­bla. 3,000 Mex­i­can repub­li­cans at­tack 65 le­gion­naires, but they refuse to sur­ren­der. 43 le­gion­naires are killed after in­flict­ing hun­dreds of ca­su­al­ties on their at­tack­ers. 17 are wounded and only two re­main un­wounded.

BAT­TLE OF SAN LORENZO 8 MAY 1863 SAN LORENZO ALMECATLA, PUE­BLA

Mex­i­can troops com­manded by Ig­na­cio Comon­fort are de­feated by the French and suf­fer 2,000 dead, wounded and cap­tured pris­on­ers. This bat­tle forces the Mex­i­cans to aban­don their cap­i­tal city.

BAT­TLE OF JIQUILPAN 22 NOVEM­BER 1864 JIQUILPAN, MI­CHOACÁN

An out­num­bered Mex­i­can repub­li­can force is al­most oblit­er­ated by the French and Mex­i­can im­pe­ri­al­ists.

Although Colonel Justin Clin­chant of the 2nd Zouaves is shot in the leg he is still able to re­ceive the repub­li­can sur­ren­der.

BAT­TLE OF TACÁMBARO 11 APRIL 1865 TACÁMBARO, MI­CHOACÁN

3,000 Mex­i­can repub­li­cans de­feat 300 sol­diers of the Bel­gian Le­gion. The Bel­gians de­fend po­si­tions in the town of Tacámbaro for five hours while hop­ing for re­in­force­ments. They are forced to sur­ren­der, and their re­in­force­ments ar­rive four days too late.

BAT­TLE OF MIAHUATLÁN 3 OC­TO­BER 1866 MIAHUATLÁN DE POR­FIRIO DÍAZ, OAX­ACA

By oc­to­ber 1866, French forces have with­drawn from Mex­ico, leav­ing their im­pe­ri­al­ist sup­port­ers with­out mil­i­tary back­ing. Mex­i­can repub­li­can troops de­ci­sively de­feat the im­pe­ri­al­ists at Miahuatlán, which en­ables them to ad­vance on oax­aca City.

SIEGE OF QUERÉ­TARO 6 MARCH-15 MAY 1867 QUERÉ­TARO CITY

Queré­taro ends the Se­cond French in­ter­ven­tion in Mex­ico when repub­li­cans de­ci­sively de­feat the French-backed Max­i­m­il­ian I. The Aus­trian-born Mex­i­can em­peror is cap­tured and later ex­e­cuted by fir­ing squad on 19 June 1867.

“THE AUS­TRIAN-BORN MEX­I­CAN EM­PEROR IS CAP­TURED AND LATER EX­E­CUTED BY FIR­ING SQUAD”

LEFT: Cap­tainJean Dan­jou, com­man­der of the le­gion­naires at Camarón, is killed, but his re­cov­ered pros­thetic hand be­comes the most cher­ished relic of the French For­eign Le­gion

BELOW: Bel­gian Le­gion sol­diers pho­tographed in 1865. 1,500 of these vol­un­teers served in the army of Em­peror Max­i­m­il­ian I, whose wife was the daugh­ter of Leopold I of Bel­gium Mili­ti­a­men of the repub­li­can 6th Bat­tal­ion, Mex­i­can Na­tional Guard en­ter­ing the plaza of Queré­taro

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