Time Cap­sule: 1911

Amund­sen makes po­lar his­tory

History Revealed - - CONTENTS -

The Inca citadel of Machu Pic­chu has sat in the moun­tains of Peru for cen­turies, but it didn’t be­come fa­mous as a sig­nif­i­cant ar­chae­o­log­i­cal site un­til the early 20th cen­tury. In 1911, Hi­ram Bing­ham - a lec­turer in Latin Amer­i­can his­tory at Yale Univer­sity – trav­elled to Peru in search of Vil­cabamba, the last In­can strong­hold against Span­ish rule, which fell in the late 16th cen­tury. It was dur­ing this trip that a lo­cal guide brought Bing­ham to Machu Pic­chu, where he found him­self in awe of the well­p­re­served stonework and tem­ples. It took a few years be­fore his claim that Machu Pic­chu was Vil­cabamba was dis­proved.

Bing­ham ac­tu­ally did find the­real Vil­cabamba, but didn’t re­alise what it was Machu Pic­chu was built around 1450, but aban­doned dur­ing the Span­ish Con­quest, af­ter which it was for­got­ten

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