More tragic roy­als

History Revealed - - QUEEN ANNE -

ED­WARD II

(1284-1327) Dur­ing his reign, Ed­ward en­dured dis­agree­ments with his barons due to his habit of show­er­ing of­fices on his favourites at court. His wife, Queen Is­abella, be­came the lover of one of Ed­ward’s ex­iled barons, Roger Mor­timer, and to­gether they in­vaded Eng­land and had Ed­ward im­pris­oned. Ed­ward and Is­abella’s son, Ed­ward III, was put on the throne, with Is­abella rul­ing as re­gent. Ed­ward II died in mys­te­ri­ous cir­cum­stances – ru­moured to have been mur­dered on the or­ders of his wife.

ED­WARD V

(1470-c1483)

RICHARD DUKE OF YORK

(1473-c1483) It is still not clear ex­actly what hap­pened to the Princes in the Tower, the only sons of Ed­ward IV and El­iz­a­beth Woodville. On the death of their fa­ther they were taken to the Tower of London, sup­pos­edly for safe­keep­ing in prepa­ra­tion for Ed­ward’s coro­na­tion. In­stead, their un­cle took the throne for him­self as Richard III and the boys dis­ap­peared. Ru­mours of their mur­der cir­cu­lated, and in the 17th-cen­tury two young bod­ies were found in the Tower. It’s not known whether they be­long to the miss­ing princes.

LADY JANE GREY

(1537-1554) At VI was in the next 1553, death in his line of sis­ter Ed­ward ac­cord­ing Mary to the will of their fa­ther, Henry VIII. Yet Mary’s strong Catholi­cism fright­ened the nobles who had sup­ported the Re­for­ma­tion, and the dy­ing Ed­ward was per­suaded to de­clare his 16-yearold cousin Lady Jane Grey his suc­ces­sor. She was de­posed af­ter nine days, then be­headed on Mary’s or­ders in 1554.

GE­ORGE III

(1738-1820) Ge­orge was the first Hanove­rian monarch to be born in Eng­land and speak English as his first lan­guage. He suf­fered sev­eral bouts of men­tal ill­ness dur­ing his reign, which co­in­cided with the Amer­i­can Rev­o­lu­tion – lead­ing to the un­for­tu­nate moniker of the “Mad King who lost Amer­ica”. For the last decade of his life he was per­ma­nently in­ca­pac­i­tated, with his son rul­ing as Prince Re­gent. For many years, it was thought that Ge­orge suf­fered from a phys­i­cal con­di­tion called por­phyria.

PRINCESS CHAR­LOTTE

(1796–1817) Hailed na­tion, as the the only hope child of of a Ge­orge IV was loved by the peo­ple who dis­ap­proved of the scan­dalous lives of her fam­ily. She died in child­birth at the age of 21 – plung­ing the coun­try into mourn­ing for Ge­orge III’s only le­git­i­mate grand­child. Char­lotte’s un­cle, Prince Ed­ward, quickly mar­ried Princess Vic­to­ria of Saxe-Coburg to en­sure an heir – the fu­ture Queen Vic­to­ria would be born 18 months af­ter Char­lotte’s death.

PRINCE JOHN

(1905-1919) The Ge­orge of the youngest pub­lic V was eye child kept through­out of out his short life due to epilepsy, learn­ing dis­abil­i­ties and pos­si­bly autism. From the age of 11, he stopped ap­pear­ing in pub­lic, liv­ing in a cot­tage at the edge of the San­dring­ham es­tate – with a nanny and lo­cal chil­dren as com­pan­ions.

PRINCESS MAR­GARET

(1930-2002) The El­iz­a­beth a pop­u­lar younger II, royal Mar­garet sis­ter who of tried was to bal­ance her party-girl lifestyle with her duty. Her doomed re­la­tion­ship with RAF of­fi­cer Peter Townsend saw her con­sider mar­ry­ing the di­vorced equerry, be­fore chang­ing her mind in favour of her re­spon­si­bil­ity to the Com­mon­wealth. She would later marry pho­tog­ra­pher Antony Arm­strong-Jones; their mar­riage ended in di­vorce af­ter in­fi­deli­ties on both sides.

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