Water ice found at lunar poles
From data collected by the Indian Space Research Organisation’s Chandrayaan-1 spacecraft, launched in 2008, scientists have found definitive evidence of water ice located at both poles of the Moon. Courtesy of NASA’S Moon Mineralogy Mapper (M3) instrument, scientists were able to detect the presence of solid ice. The instrument was able to locate the reflective properties expected from ice and also differentiate between liquid water or vapour and solid ice based on the distinctive way its molecules absorb infrared light. These sources are located in the shadows of craters near the poles, where temperatures never get above -157 degrees Celsius. This has tantalising implications for any mission back to the Moon, as the water could possibly be used as drinking water or even rocket fuel for future exploration.