The breakup of Pan­gaea

How did we get to the seven con­ti­nents that we see on Earth to­day?

How It Works - - SCIENCE -

The last su­per­con­ti­nent

200 mil­lion years ago Earth’s land was all part of the con­ti­nent Pan­gaea and the sea was all one ocean, known as Pan­tha­lassa, Greek for ‘all sea’.

To­day’s con­ti­nents emerge

Laura­sia and Gond­wana­land broke apart into the mod­ern con­ti­nents 130 mil­lion years ago.

Laura­sia and Gond­wana­land

Pan­gaea split in two 180 mil­lion years ago. Laura­sia con­tained North Amer­ica, Europe and Asia. Gond­wana­land con­tained Antarc­tica, Aus­tralia and South Amer­ica.

Change con­tin­ues

The At­lantic Ocean widens and the Pa­cific Ocean shrinks, forc­ing the con­ti­nents apart.

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