5 FACTS ABOUT The future of Indian space exploration
1 Aditya-l1 Due to be launched around 2021, Aditya-l1 will be positioned in the gravitational ‘parking spot’ Lagrangian point 1 (L1), where it will study the Sun’s photosphere, chromosphere and corona.
2 AVATAR The Aerobic Vehicle for Transatmospheric Hypersonic Aerospace Transportation (AVATAR) is a conceptual single-stage reusable spaceplane that can perform a horizontal take-off and landing – a unique ability among spacecraft.
3 Venusian Orbiter This proposed orbiter will study the atmosphere and surface of Venus and – if funded – it could see space in the early 2020s.
4 NISAR The joint project between NASA and ISRO, named the NASA-ISRO Synthetic Aperture Radar (NISAR), will provide the first radar imaging of natural processes occurring on Earth.
5 Mars Orbiter Mission 2, or Mangalyaan 2 After the great success of the first Mars Orbiter Mission – the first nation to reach Mars’ orbit on its first attempt – there is a second in the pipeline scheduled for around 2022–2023. This orbiter will continue to study Mars at great depth, with talks of a lander and rover being involved also.