Proof of Power

Landscape (UK) - - In the Home -

Along with Mel­rose, the 12th cen­tury King David I founded three more abbeys in the Scot­tish Borders. These were Jed­burgh, Dry­burgh and Kelso, all de­signed as a way of prov­ing his own power and the coun­try’s pros­per­ity. Seven miles from Mel­rose, sit­ting on a bend of the River Tweed, is Dry­burgh Abbey. It was es­tab­lished in 1150 by white-robed Pre­mon­straten­sian monks, who lived very sim­ply. Sir Wal­ter Scott is buried here, as is World War I Field Mar­shal Earl Haig. Kelso Abbey sits in the heart of the epony­mous town. It was founded by monks from the Or­der of Tiron, in France, and was the wealth­i­est of the re­gion’s abbeys, as it re­ceived much in­come from its vast es­tates. Now, it is the most ru­ined of the four, but the re­mains of the nave, western transept and Galilee porch are spec­tac­u­lar ex­am­ples of Ro­manesque ar­chi­tec­ture. Jed­burgh Abbey was es­tab­lished by Au­gus­tinian monks as a pri­ory in 1138, be­fore its sta­tus was raised to that of abbey in 1154. Alexan­der II of Scot­land was mar­ried there. Ac­cord­ing to leg­end, a ghost ap­peared at the cer­e­mony and fore­told his death. He died the fol­low­ing year.

Newspapers in English

Newspapers from UK

© PressReader. All rights reserved.