On this DAY
1367: Henry IV was born at Bolingbroke Castle, Lincolnshire. 1860: The Pony Express service began, running from St Joseph, Missouri, to Sacramento.
1882: Jesse James, the legendary outlaw, was shot in the back by one of his own gang.
1897: Johannes Brahms, German pianist and composer, died in Vienna. 1901: Richard D’Oyly Carte, English impresario best remembered as the man behind Gilbert and Sullivan and who built the Savoy Theatre to house their works, died. 1913: Suffragette Emmeline Pankhurst was sentenced to three years for inciting supporters to place explosives at the London home of David Lloyd George.
1922: Joseph Stalin was appointed general secretary of the Communist Party in Russia.
1987: The late Duchess of Windsor’s jewels fetched #31 million at auction. 1991: Graham Greene, one of Britain’s leading novelists for more than 30 years, died at Vevey, Switzerland, aged 86.
2010: Apple released the iPad in the United States.
ON THIS DAY LAST YEAR: The only known wartime footage showing the lives of secret spies during the Second World War was donated to the Bletchley Park Trust.