Diabetes is a condition in which it is difficult to control the level of glucose (sugar) in the bloodstream. Type 1 diabetes tends to present in childhood and requires treatment with insulin, while type 2 diabetes tends to occur later in life and is associated with being over weight. Both types of diabetes increase your risk of cardiovascular disease.
Type 2 diabetes is treated with lifestyle measures of weight loss and healthy diet as well as various medications. The most commonly used medication is metformin, though others may also be required.