A bumper Christmas Quiz to counter the turkey malaise
1 The first person ever to set foot in the USA after flying across the Atlantic didn’t simply step out of the aircraft onto the ground. How did he arrive? a carried on a stretcher from a crashed aircraft b landed by parachute c after ditching close to a beach, swam ashore d ferried ashore by tender from his flying boat 2 Which two UK aerodromes were linked by the first official regular internal airmail service operating within the British Isles? a London (Croydon) and Aberdeen (Dyce) b Belfast (Nutts Corner) and Glasgow (Renfrew) c London (Croydon) and Liverpool (Speke) d Inverness (Longman) and Kirkwall (Orkney) e Manchester (Barton) and Edinburgh (Turnhouse) 3 Of what nationality was the highest-scoring fighter pilot in the history of aerial warfare? a Japanese b American c German d British e Italian f French 4 Which of these American WWII warplanes was produced in the greatest number? a Vought F-4U Corsair b North American P-51 Mustang c Boeing B-17 Flying Fortress d Republic P-47 Thunderbolt e Consolidated B-24 Liberator f Lockheed P-38 Lightning 5 What term is used to describe the relationship between the volumes of space in a cylinder of an internal combustion aero-engine (i) when the piston is at the top of the stroke (TDC), and (ii) when it is at the bottom of the stroke (BDC)? a swept volume b compression ratio c induction stroke d cubic capacity 6 After WWII, German aircraft companies Messerschmitt and Heinkel produced small ‘bubble cars’ – with limited success; in Britain the Bristol Aeroplane Company had earlier started to build its range of beautiful luxury cars. In 1946 a well-known American light aircraft manufacturer also tried to enter the automobile business with this car, which never matched the success of its aircraft. Which company? a Piper b Beechcraft c Rockwell d Cessna e Mooney 7 In the 1960s Bill Lear of Lear Jet fame was involved with a product which failed to share the success of his executive jet aircraft. Which product? a a cordless vacuum cleaner b the Betamax video recorder c a microwave oven based on aircraft radar sets d the 8-track music tape recorder e battery-powered nosewheel for light aircraft, enabling taxying without engine power 8 To which type of airborne equipment are aircraft antennas like this connected? a VHF transceiver b ADS-B receiver c GPS moving map d Radar monitor display 9 The treads of aircraft tyres often wear below limits due to hard braking, fast cornering etc long before the sidewalls and carcass are unfit for further use. What happens to such tyres? a they must be scrapped; retreading of aircraft tyres is not permitted b airliner tyres are never retreaded but GA aircraft tyres may be c provided the tyre is not beyond its maximum age limit, all aircraft tyres may be retreaded d retreading is permitted unless the POH, operator’s or other regulations forbid it, the tyre carcass is damaged, or has already been retreaded the maximum number of times laid down by manufacturer, operator or other authority
11 Many aircraft have memorable names such as Concorde, Spitfire, Constellation, Bonanza etc but aviation buffs generally refer to many other types simply by numbers. Which aircraft come to your mind when you see the following numbers? a 52 c 319 e 144 b 152 d 777 f 1049
12 The hours of availability of many aerodromes are governed by the movement of the sun since they are based on times of sunrise and sunset. The operational hours of one licensed UK aerodrome are also governed by the movement of the moon. Which aerodrome and why? 13 Many pubs and inns in the UK are named after aircraft. Bomber names include the Flying Fortress pub in Bury St Edmunds, the Vulcan in Merthyr Tydfil and several Wellington Inns (e.g. in Malvern). The Ramada Comet in Hatfield commemorates the DH88, winner of the 1934 England to Australia air race, rather than de Havilland’s DH106 jet airliner. There are dozens of Spitfire pubs, and two Premier Inns in Stafford North called Spitfire and Hurricane respectively. You can visit Harriers (Merrie or other) in Peterborough, Kidderminster and Cullompton. Sadly closed now is the Gipsy Moth in Croydon but there’s still a Gipsy Moth pub in Selby, and another in Greenwich named after Sir Francis Chichester’s yacht Gipsy
Moth IV, named in honour of the DH60 Gipsy Moth he flew to the Antipodes. There’s at least one Tiger Moth, in Brickhill. The only Scottish example I know is the Tipsy Nipper restaurant at Fife Airport, Glenrothes. There's a Dambusters Inn in Scampton but the Happy Landings pub that was in Bristol near the old Whitchurch Airport (with a Bristol Beaufort on its inn sign) is closed.
However, your quiz-master knows of only one UK public house that has given its pub name to an aircraft design. Which type of aircraft is that?
14 The ARA General Belgrano was a cruiser of the Argentine Navy torpedoed and sunk by HM Submarine Conqueror in May 1982 during the Falklands conflict. This ship had previously survived an attack from the air. Of what nationality were the aircraft involved in that earlier attack? a British b Chilean c Brazilian d Japanese e American f Australian 15 All of the following wellknown people took off in aeroplanes, disappeared and have never been seen again. In which aircraft types? a American aviatrix, Amelia Earhart b British aviatrix, Amy Johnson c big-band leader, Glenn Miller d pioneer pilot, poet and writer, Antoine de Saint-exupéry e balloonist and adventurer, Steve Fossett 16 The Airbus A380 airliner, with a 79.8m wingspan, is the world’s largest passenger-carrying aeroplane but is not the largest aeroplane (based on wingspan) ever to have flown. Which two aircraft with larger wingspans than the A380 have already flown? And which machine with a wingspan even larger than these, may well have flown before you read this Quiz?