Chok­ing on food

Prima (UK) - - Best Of Health -

If some­one is chok­ing, first en­cour­age them to cough to clear the block­age. If cough­ing doesn’t work, stand be­hind them, slightly to one side, lean them for­ward and give up to five sharp slaps be­tween the shoul­der blades with the heel of your hand. If chok­ing per­sists, stand be­hind them, place your arms around their waist, and bend them for­ward. Clench your fist and place it be­tween their belly but­ton and the bot­tom of their breast­bone. Place your other hand on top, then thrust both hands in­wards and up­wards into the stom­ach with a hard move­ment, up to five times. If the ob­struc­tion still isn’t cleared, re­peat back slaps and thrusts up to three times, check­ing their mouth af­ter each step, un­til the ob­ject is ex­pelled.

If this hasn’t worked, call an am­bu­lance. Con­tinue your ef­forts un­til help ar­rives. If the per­son be­comes un­con­scious, give mouth-to -mouth re­sus­ci­ta­tion, as the throat may re­lax, al­low­ing breaths to get through. If you can’t get air in, give chest com­pres­sions to try to re­lieve the ob­struc­tion quickly.

For ba­bies un­der one year, lay them face­down along your fore­arm, keep­ing the head low and give back slaps. Turn the baby face-up on your arm and re­move the ob­ject. If this fails, place two fin­ger­tips on the lower half of the baby’s breast­bone. Give five thrusts into the chest. Check the mouth and re­peat, if needed.

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