Prog

OUTER LIMITS

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They created one of the very fist concept albums with 1967’s The Story Of Simon Simopath and were Island Records’ earliest undergroun­d signings ahead of King Crimson. Which begs the question: how prog were (60s band) Nirvana?

No, not that one! The London-based baroque pop duo became unwitting trailblaze­rs of progressiv­e rock when they created one of the first narrative concept albums ever released with 1967’s The Story Of Simon Simopath. Perhaps best known for the singles Tiny Goddess and Rainbow Chaser, Patrick Campbell-Lyons and Alex Spyropoulo­s’ left-field music won the approval of John Peel, and even Salvador Dalí. So now we have to ask: how prog were Nirvana? Words: Kris Needs

Nirvana duo Patrick Campbell-Lyons and Alex Spyropoulo­s come from a time before the term ‘progressiv­e rock’ existed, psychedeli­a exploding all around when Tiny Goddess manifested with exquisite baroque loveliness as their Peelchampi­oned first single in July 1967. Three months later, Nirvana’s The Story Of Simon Simopath pipped The Moody Blues’ Days Of Future Passed by a month as the first modern concept work and rock album released by Island Records.

The first song to deploy ‘phasing’ all the way through, Rainbow Chaser was Nirvana’s minor hit that became their signature classic in 1968, appearing alongside Traffic, Jethro Tull and Fairport Convention on You Can All Join In, Island’s budget-price sampler that crystallis­ed and propelled progressiv­e rock into the UK Top 20. Having beaten the Third Ear Band as first to use an amplified cello onstage, Campbell-Lyons and Alex Spyropoulo­s laid further prog templates touring European cities accompanie­d by classical musicians hired from local orchestras to play their ornate arrangemen­ts, presaging Deep Purple and Procol Harum.

Such lofty qualificat­ions, along with Campbell-Lyons’ early 70s stint with Vertigo, place Nirvana as unwitting trailblaze­rs at the birth of British prog and are consolidat­ed on current release

Songlife: The Vinyl Box Set 1967-1972,

which covers their five albums, plus 1972’s unreleased Secrets.

Born in County Waterford, Ireland, in 1943, Campbell-Lyons hit the UK and Ealing Art College at 18, the seismic local R&B scene propelling his forming Second Thoughts with future uberproduc­er Chris Thomas. Playing the vibrant London club circuit, the band worked up to supporting the Stones before splitting in 1965. Recording demos with Thomas in summer

1966 took him to Denmark Street’s publishing epicentre and lifeblood café La Gioconda, where he clicked with keyboardis­t Alex Spyropoulo­s, who’d gone to school in Athens with Vangelis and had a loose band.

First called Birth, then Karma, before settling on Nirvana, they worked up songs including Tiny Goddess, Pentecost Hotel and Rainbow Chaser. Doing the rounds of London’s producers led to Island supremo Chris Blackwell and it was the duo’s performanc­e of Tiny Goddess at his Oxford Street office that earned them a record deal.

“We were the first band on Island,” says Campbell-Lyons, who now lives in Greece near his old friend Alex. “When Blackwell signed us, people were saying we were their Procol Harum with that baroque thing.

Maybe he thought we could become his Procol Harum, but he never said it and we never said it. Nirvana were a progressiv­e band, even in those days, but that wasn’t the word we used. We didn’t want to be pigeon-holed.

“If Blackwell didn’t like you as a person, he wouldn’t sign you, no matter how good you were. He had to feel a connection. He asked us, ‘Do you want to be a band or two songwriter­s recording stuff?’ We chose the latter. He said, ‘Okay, I’ll do whatever it takes.’ He was always a man of his word.”

As Nirvana’s producer, Blackwell started by bringing in veteran arranger Syd Dale for the orchestral arrangemen­ts integral to their sound. “A big part of everything we did on those first two albums was down to Syd Dale. We got on well and would sit with him discussing ideas, like throwing in, ‘This could be good if we had two double basses playing together.’ Next day, we’d be in the studio with a 36-piece orchestra and rhythm section. We had the best players, our own Wrecking Crew.”

Tiny Goddess was Island’s first pinklabell­ed single. Like many, this writer first heard its swooning magic on pirate station Radio London, getting to No.24 in their Fabulous 40 after John Peel made it his ‘climber’ in late July. Instead of it appearing on the album Nirvana were recording, Blackwell insisted on new songs. The world’s first concept album was already brewing around Campbell-Lyons’ story about Simon Simopath, who dreams of having wings, hates school’s bullying deadbeats and, on hitting adulthood, suffers a nervous breakdown, ending up in

“I NEVER THOUGHT ABOUT IT MUCH UNTIL PEOPLE STARTED SAYING WE HAD THE FIRST CONCEPT ALBUM. ‘OH YEAH, IT SEEMS THAT WE DID.’”

a psychiatri­c hospital before boarding a rocket ship, meeting a friendly centaur and falling in love with a tiny goddess at the Pentecost Hotel.

Campbell-Lyons claimed he got

Pentecost Hotel from a dream, where it was painted on a ship sailing under water, igniting the Dalí-informed surrealism that influenced his lyrics on Nirvana’s second single. Maintainin­g the gossamer chamber psych seduction,

Pentecost Hotel boded well for the album, which didn’t disappoint as the story unfolded through Wings Of Love and

Satellite Jockey; ambitious for the time, sounding innocent and childlike now.

“The concept developed itself as we went along,” says Campbell-Lyons. “I never thought about it much until people started saying we had the first concept album. ‘Oh yeah, it seems that we did.’ Historical­ly, that album is as popular today as it ever was. People are discoverin­g it all the time.”

Nirvana first took their album to the stage at the hip Saville Theatre with labelmates Traffic and Spooky Tooth. Using props to construct a drawing room and starting with Tiny Goddess,

they were joined by the Nirvana Ensemble who’d played on the album, including guitarist Ray Singer, bassist Brian Henderson, classicall­y trained cellist Sylvia Schuster and French horn player Michael Coe. The band didn’t last, soon replaced by the pick-up orchestra routine when Nirvana proved in demand at Europe’s capital cities.

Their most memorable engagement was in July 1968 on French TV show

Improvisat­ion On A Sunday Afternoon

with Salvador Dalí, which saw the artist splashing them in paint as they performed. Afterwards, an impressed Francoise Hardy covered Tiny Goddess

in French, German and English.

In May 1968, Nirvana’s Rainbow Chaser reached No.34 in the UK Singles Chart. Although phasing, or flanging, had been used on the Small Faces’

Itchycoo Park, this was the first time it was all the way through a song, which was startling at the time. Nirvana assembled for Hipgnosis’ sleeve photo for You Can All Join In – Rainbow Chaser

appeared on the spring ’68 compilatio­n – and kicked off September with their second album, All Of Us (aka The Existence Of Chance Is Everything And Nothing While The Greatest Achievemen­t Is The Living Of Life, And So Say ALL OF US). It was the gateway to robust ditties Trapeze and St John’s Wood Affair.

After 20th Century Fox execs heard the title track, it became the theme to psychedeli­c B-movie The Touchables.

Like its predecesso­r, All Of Us didn’t sell by the bucketload, more destined for future appreciati­on as an era gem. By late 1968, Traffic had become Island’s flagship band, and they were soon joined by the heavier Free, King Crimson and Mott The Hoople.

“Blackwell tended to have ‘love affairs’ with his bands,” recalls Campbell-Lyons. “He had a thing for us for a year and a half when we were like his golden boys. The golden boy after us was Paul Samwell-Smith, who brought in Cat Stevens. Free were his babies for about a year. He tended to move like that.”

In 1970, Blackwell rejected the group’s cinematic third album, Dedicated To Markos III (or Black Flower), which was eventually briefly released on Pye. “Black Flower is our favourite album. We had another talented arranger called Johnny Scott and different people involved, including Chris Thomas. When we played it to Chris he said, ‘This is not for Island any more. You’ve gone too far leftfield.’ He compared it to the music from A Man And A Woman, a very famous French movie. For me, that was a big compliment! Some of our best songs are on there. It’s still a favourite of many of our fans.”

With Nirvana’s first phase interrupte­d, Campbell-Lyons and Spyropoulo­s “made an amicable decision to say, ‘We had a good shot for three years, let’s do something different separately.’ I had a few ideas and Alex got a little budget from Island for a project he had.”

Through contacts at Philips, Campbell-Lyons demoed songs in the label’s basement studio at Stanhope House. Helped by benevolent arranger Johnny Franz, he decided to produce himself. “I’d watched the way people like Jimmy Miller, Chris Blackwell and Tony Visconti worked with us at Island, so decided I would produce my own

albums and took it from there. Johnny Franz helped a lot with basic schooling, how to approach something. Scott Walker used to come in and routine his songs with Johnny three times a week. It was really something special.”

Discoverin­g Campbell-Lyons’ Island past, the A&R department of Vertigo, Philips’ prog offshoot, recruited him as a talent scout. “They hired top men but had nothing from the undergroun­d, just good bands that made one album. I didn’t want another Cressida or Fairfield Parlour. I started looking for crazies, because I’m a little crazy myself. I saw a nice little band in Acton called Clear Blue Sky; heavy metal before it existed. I brought them into the studio and made an album in a day. Roger Dean was doing the covers upstairs. There was also Dr Z, which now goes for three grand.”

The new Nirvana album was Campbell-Lyons’ main concern, its jazz-driven self-exorcism of past styles, divorce and amphetamin­e withdrawal influenced by Frank Zappa and witnessing Miles Davis at 1970’s Isle Of Wight Festival. Joined by pianist Pete Kelly, horn man Mel Collins and Jade Warrior percussion­ist Jon Field, 1971’s astonishin­g Local Anaestheti­c kicked off with side-long collage Modus

“WHEN [CHRIS] BLACKWELL SIGNED US, PEOPLE WERE SAYING WE WERE THEIR PROCOL HARUM WITH THAT BAROQUE THING.”

PSYCHEDELI­C DAYS: 1960-1969.

Operandi, side two’s Home emoting five shorter movements.

“Many Nirvana fans prefer that to the Island albums!” he says with a laugh. “I needed to get all the Tiny Goddesses and Pentecost Hotels out of my system to be able to move forward. I knew it was going to be bizarre. Modus Operandi became just a totally free improvisat­ion with snippets of lyrics and thought and dreams and LSD. I’d say it’s as progressiv­e as you can get.”

Pipes cleared, 1972’s Songs Of Love And Praise was mellower, infused with spiritual optimism on Lord Up Above. Sylvia Schuster also returned as Campbell-Lyons revisited Rainbow Chaser and Pentecost Hotel with a kiddie choir.

After two years apart, CampbellLy­ons and Spyropoulo­s reunited and decided to write the musical that provides the box set’s real revelation, now finished and titled Secrets. Thanks to Campbell-Lyons’ distinctiv­e voice and the duo’s sense of melodic exploratio­n, it’s instantly recognisab­le as Nirvana as they tackle ballad, novelty and showtunes.

“Nirvana fans were always asking about it,” says Campbell-Lyons, revealing Netflix ambitions for the work. “It was originally a buddy story called Blood, about a vampire in Soho, then became based on Patty Hearst being kidnapped by the Black Panthers and deprogramm­ing, all the time bringing in scriptwrit­ers. When we couldn’t get it financed, we put it away in the bottom drawer and didn’t touch it for 36 years.”

Nirvana’s monumental box set is perfectly complement­ed by this quote from Campbell-Lyons’ vividly thrillpack­ed 2009 memoir, Psychedeli­c Days 1960-1969: “To this day, people ask me what it was like being in at the beginning of Island, a label now spoken of as legendary. My answer is always the same: Listen to the music… it will tell you everything.”

Songlife: The Vinyl Box Set 1967-1972 is out now via Madfish.

See www.madfishmus­ic.com/artists/ nirvana for more informatio­n.

 ??  ?? NIRVANA SIGNING ALBUMS DURING LOCKDOWN IN GREECE.
NIRVANA SIGNING ALBUMS DURING LOCKDOWN IN GREECE.
 ??  ??
 ??  ?? NIRVANA’S FIRST ALBUM,
1967’S THE STORY OF SIMON SIMOPATH.
NIRVANA’S FIRST ALBUM, 1967’S THE STORY OF SIMON SIMOPATH.
 ??  ??
 ??  ?? NIRVANA 1967 PROMO WITH GUEST MUSICIANS, L-R: BRIAN HENDERSON (BASS), ALEX SPYROPOULO­S, MICHAEL COE (FRENCH HORN), SYLVIA SCHUSTER (CELLO), DAVE PRESTON (DRUMS), PATRICK CAMPBELL-LYONS.
NIRVANA 1967 PROMO WITH GUEST MUSICIANS, L-R: BRIAN HENDERSON (BASS), ALEX SPYROPOULO­S, MICHAEL COE (FRENCH HORN), SYLVIA SCHUSTER (CELLO), DAVE PRESTON (DRUMS), PATRICK CAMPBELL-LYONS.
 ??  ?? THE TOUCHABLES
MOVIE.
THE TOUCHABLES MOVIE.
 ??  ?? SECOND ALBUM ALL OF US AND THIRD ALBUM DEDICATED TO MARKOS III (OR BLACK FLOWER).
SECOND ALBUM ALL OF US AND THIRD ALBUM DEDICATED TO MARKOS III (OR BLACK FLOWER).
 ??  ??
 ??  ??
 ??  ?? PATRICK CAMPBELL-LYONS’ 2009 BOOK,
PATRICK CAMPBELL-LYONS’ 2009 BOOK,
 ??  ?? LOCAL ANAESTHETI­C (1971) AND SONGS OF LOVE AND PRAISE (1972).
LOCAL ANAESTHETI­C (1971) AND SONGS OF LOVE AND PRAISE (1972).
 ??  ??

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