HIP DYS­PLA­SIA � the FACTS

Real People - - HEALTH & HAPPINESS -

WHAT? A con­di­tion where the ‘ball and socket’ joint of the hip doesn’t prop­erly form in ba­bies and young chil­dren. With­out treat­ment, de­vel­op­men­tal dys­pla­sia (dis­lo­ca­tion) of the hip (DDH) may lead to prob­lems later in life, in­clud­ing devel­op­ing a limp, hip pain and os­teoarthri­tis. SYMP­TOMS: Within 72 hours of birth, ev­ery baby’s hips are checked as part of the new­born hip phys­i­cal ex­am­i­na­tion. An­other ex­am­i­na­tion is car­ried out when be­tween six and eight weeks old. If hip dys­pla­sia is sus­pected, an ul­tra­sound will con­firm this. TREAT­MENT: Ba­bies di­ag­nosed with DDH early in life are usu­ally treated with a fab­ric splint called a Pav­lik har­ness. This se­cures both of the baby’s hips in a sta­ble po­si­tion and al­lows them to de­velop nor­mally. If an in­fant is di­ag­nosed with DDH after six months, or if the Pav­lik har­ness hasn’t worked, surgery is per­formed to place the ball of the fe­mur back into the hip socket.

INFO: To find out more, please visit nhs.uk/con­di­tions/ de­vel­op­men­tal-dys­plasiaof-the-hip

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