NEWS Jan­uary 2002

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On 1 Jan­uary, the new Euro bank notes and coins be­came le­gal ten­der in aus­tria,

Bel­gium, Fin­land, France, Ger­many, Greece, Ire­land, Italy, Lux­em­bourg, the nether­lands, Por­tu­gal and Spain. Though the cur­rency had tech­ni­cally ex­isted since 1999, this marked the ma­jor changeover to the new cur­rency, and the end of the pre­vi­ous na­tional cur­ren­cies.

Teenager Charles J Bishop mim­icked the Sep­tem­ber 2001 at­tack on the World Trade Cen­ter on 5 Jan­uary, by steal­ing a sin­gleengine Cessna 172 and fly­ing it into the Bank Of Amer­ica Tower in Tampa, Florida. In a let­ter left prior to his flight, Bishop claimed to be act­ing on be­half of Al Qaeda and in re­sponse to Amer­i­can abuses in Iraq and Pales­tine. How­ever, au­thor­i­ties found no ev­i­dence of any con­tact with ter­ror­ist groups. Though of­fices suf­fered dam­age, the only in­jured party was Bishop him­self, who died in the crash.

The term ‘axis of evil’ was coined by Amer­i­can pres­i­dent Ge­orge W Bush in his state of the union ad­dress on 29 Jan­uary, re­fer­ring to states that har­boured ter­ror­ists and sought to ac­quire weapons of mass destruc­tion. The ini­tial states named by Bush were Iran, Iraq and North Ko­rea, though Un­der­sec­re­tary Of State John Bolton later added Cuba, Libya and Syria in a May 2002 speech.

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