Movies with specs appeal
QUESTION What was the first 3D film?
The first public screening of a 3D (stereoscopic) film took place at the Astor Theatre in New York on June 10, 1915.
It was composed of three scenes in anaglyph — a procedure whereby two images are superimposed and printed in different colours, usually red and green. This produces a stereo effect when viewed with filters over each eye.
edwin S. Porter — the director of famous 1903 film The Great Train Robbery — and William e. Waddell presented rural scenes, footage of Niagara Falls, oriental dancers and specially filmed 3D demo sequences from the films Jim The Penman, featuring John Mason, and The Morals Of Marcus, starring Marie Doro. Unfortunately, this test footage has not survived.
On September 27, 1922, The Power Of Love, the first 3D feature film, was shown at a test screening at the Ambassador hotel Theatre in Los Angeles.
Directed by Nat G. Deverich and harry K. Fairall, it tells the tale of Maria Almeda and Terry O’Neal. They fall in love but can’t be together because of the wicked Don Alvarez, to whom Maria had been promised by her father.
Fairall invented the necessary camera equipment with the assistance of the cinematographer Robert F. elder.
There was another 3D screening of the film in New York for distributors and the Press. It was then released in a normal format as Forbidden Lover. Both films are lost.
Kelley’s Plasticon Pictures, a 3D demonstration film from 1922 which had footage of Washington and New York, has survived. New Dimensions, the first full-colour 3D film, which was shown at the World’s Fair in 1940, also remains.
Mark Edge, Perth.
QUESTION Have California’s green policies contributed to wildfires?
ON NOveMBeR 10, 2018, following a spate of devastating wildfires, Donald Trump was widely criticised for tweeting: ‘There is no reason for these massive, deadly and costly forest fires in California except that forest management is so poor.’
In some ways he was right. Good woodland management requires the removal of flammable material such as brush and debris, along with low-level pruning.
Several decades of state and federal environmental rules have resulted in the build-up of this material in forests and coastal chaparral (scrubland).
hostility towards commercial timber companies has created a build-up in tree density and brush as well as a reduction in access roads and firebreaks.
California’s politicians, bureaucrats, electric utilities and hollywood celebrities have blamed climate change for the crisis. however, the signing of two key forest management Bills by California governor Jerry Brown in late 2018 indicates that perhaps Trump was right.
SB 1260 made it easier for state and private individuals to conduct controlled burns by largely rescinding air quality rules that would impede them, and prevented lawsuits that would slow or stop this action.
SB 901 appropriated £150 million a year to be spent on fire prevention and improving forest health.
Andrew Beith, Berwick-upon-Tweed, Northumberland.
QUESTION Are flowers other than the poppy used abroad as symbols of wartime sacrifice by Armed Forces?
The seeds of the common or corn poppy,
Papaver rhoeas, can lie dormant in the soil for a century. Once the soil has been disturbed and the seeds distributed, flowers can bloom.
Ground disturbance caused by the great battles of World War I and mass
burial sites saw a proliferation of wildflowers in these areas. After the Second Battle of Ypres, Canadian doctor John McCrae noticed the poppies growing near one of the mass cemeteries and wrote his poem: ‘In Flanders fields the poppies blow Between the crosses, row on row.’
This cemented the poppy as a symbol of remembrance.
It replaced rosemary, which had been used since Roman times in burial rites. Mourners traditionally threw bouquets of rosemary on top of coffins.
In Shakespeare’s hamlet, Act 4, Scene 5, Ophelia in her madness names plants known for easing pain: ‘There’s rosemary, that’s for remembrance; pray, love, remember.’
In Australia and New Zealand, sprigs of rosemary are worn on Remembrance Day and Anzac Day.
In France, the cornflower (le Bleuet) is worn. The origins date back to 1916 when Suzanne Lenhardt and Charlotte Malleterre, two nurses at Les Invalides military hospital in Paris, organised workshops so wounded servicemen could make cornflower badges out of tissue paper and sell them to earn a small income.
In 1928, the then French President Gaston Doumergue gave his patronage to le Bleuet. From 1935, their sale on Remembrance Day was made official by the French government.
Katherine Payne, Pembroke.
IN GeRMANY, Vergissmeinnicht — the forget-me-not — is the flower of remembrance. According to legend, when the Creator was naming the plants, the flower cried out ‘Forget-me-not!’ and it was decreed that should be its name.
Another German legend tells of a knight walking along the Danube with his true love. he bends down to pick her a posy, but the weight of his armour causes him to fall into the river. As he drowns, he throws the flowers to his love on the shore and shouts: ‘Forget-me-not!’
This flower is also the symbol of remembrance in Canada. In Newfoundland and Labrador, it is worn on Memorial Day, July 1, to remember 700 soldiers of the 1st Newfoundland Regiment who died on the first day of the Battle of the Somme.
Amie McDonald, Ipswich, Suffolk.
IS THERE a question to which you have always wanted to know the answer? Or do you know the answer to a question raised here? Send your questions and answers to: Charles Legge, Answers To Correspondents, Scottish Daily Mail, 20 Waterloo Street, Glasgow G2 6DB, fax them to 0141 331 4739 or email them to [email protected] dailymail.co.uk. A selection will be published but we are not able to enter into individual correspondence.
New look: Filmgoers in 3D glasses