On this day
• 1804: Johann Strauss the Elder, composer of waltzes, was born in Vienna.
• 1879: Albert Einstein, physicist and mathematician, was born in Ulm, Baden-wurttemberg, Germany.
• 1883: Death of German philosopher and father of Communism Karl Marx.
• 1964: Jack Ruby was found guilty in Dallas of killing Lee Harvey Oswald, alleged assassin of President John F Kennedy, and
was sentenced to death. He died of a blood clot in the lung in 1967.
• 1984: Sinn Fein leader Gerry Adams was shot and seriously injured by Loyalist gunmen.
• 1991: The Birmingham Six, six Irishmen jailed in 1975 for their alleged part in the IRA Birmingham pub bombings and the murders of 21 people, were freed after the court of appeal quashed their convictions.