The Courier & Advertiser (Fife Edition) - - COMMENT -

● 1875: Dr Al­bert Sch­weitzer, mis­sion­ary sur­geon, or­gan­ist and No­bel Prize win­ner (1952), was born in Al­sace.

● 1878: Queen Vic­to­ria was given a demon­stra­tion of Alexan­der Gra­ham Bell’s new in­ven­tion, the tele­phone.

● 1898: Lewis Car­roll, author of Alice’s Ad­ven­tures In Won­der­land, died.

● 1900: Puc­cini’s opera Tosca was pre­miered in Rome, de­spite a bomb scare by the com­poser’s en­vi­ous con­tem­po­raries.

● 1904: Pho­tog­ra­pher and stage de­signer Sir Ce­cil Beaton was born in Lon­don.

● 1953: Mar­shal Tito was elected pres­i­dent of Yu­goslavia.

● 1957: Ac­tor Humphrey Bog­art died. His wife Lau­ren Ba­call placed a gold whis­tle in his cof­fin with the in­scrip­tion: “If you need any­thing, just whis­tle” - a line from their first film to­gether, To Have And Have Not.

● 1989: British Mus­lims held pub­lic burn­ings of Sal­man Rushdie’s The Sa­tanic Verses.

● 1997: The trial be­gan of foot­ballers John Fashanu, Bruce Grobbe­laar and Hans Segers for al­legedly be­ing bribed by a Far Eastern gam­bling ring to throw matches. All three were later ac­quit­ted.

● LAST YEAR: Surfers are three times more likely to have an­tibi­otic re­sis­tant E. coli in their guts than non-surfers, a study re­vealed.

● BIRTH­DAYS: Jack Jones, singer, 81; Trevor Nunn, the­atre di­rec­tor, 79; Faye Du­n­away, ac­tress, 78; Carl Weathers, ac­tor, 71; Steven Soder­bergh, film di­rec­tor, 56; Emily Wat­son, ac­tress, 52; LL Cool J, ac­tor and rap star, 51.

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