Following Regency, the Victorians became even more decorative, heavily influenced by ornate 16th-century Italian Renaissance architecture. They developed intricate brickwork, detailed plasterwork, coloured floor tiles and the bay window.
However, it’s the volume of homes that defines the era, argues architect Henry Squire. “Between 1835 and 1910, Victoria carpeted London to the M25 in terraced housing,” he says.
The industrial revolution and the railway shifted people from rural farming to city work, and the mass production of brick meant that the Victorians were building at tempo.
“They also had a social conscience, demolishing slums and creating rows of worker cottages,” he says. “They created high-density streets and proper communities.” The Victorian terraced house is also adaptable, he adds. “They are extended up, down and back to suit modern needs. To create sustainable cities we need to learn from the Victorians.”