The Daily Telegraph

Outpouring of love for the Queen will never be seen again

The past 10 days have been witness to a remarkable display of affection from all corners of the globe

- Gordon Rayner ASSOCIATE EDITOR

By joining the queue they knew they were becoming a part of history, but what each shared was a sense of loss

Gratitude and respect cannot be weighed, but when future generation­s learn about Queen Elizabeth II, it will be the numbers that will impress on them just how much she was mourned.

The 400,000 people estimated to have flowed past her coffin by the time Westminste­r Hall closes its doors this morning had taken part in a secular pilgrimage that none of us alive today will see again.

At an average queueing time of 12 hours, they had clocked 4.8 million hours between them as they shuffled forward, uncomplain­ingly, in the sunshine, and in the cold, and in the dark. It means that since Her Majesty’s lying in state began last Wednesday, her people had spent a cumulative 550 years saying their final thank you. And if each had entered the winding queue at its end in Southwark Park, they would have walked four million miles between them – or 153,846 marathons.

The fact that all of them knew how arduous the wait would be, having been given ample warning, is an even more reliable measure of how much Queen Elizabeth meant to them.

From children in pushchairs to pensioners and global celebritie­s, they patiently waited their turn to spend a few minutes in the presence of the late Queen’s coffin, where they bowed or curtseyed, many turning away in tears.

Thousands more in Edinburgh had paid their respects earlier as the late Queen lay at rest in St Giles’ Cathedral.

By joining the queue they knew they were becoming a part of history, but what each of them shared was a sense of loss, even though most had never met the nation’s longest-reigning monarch.

Asked why they had left the comfort of their homes, or in some cases flown thousands of miles to endure the lengthy waiting time in London, a frequent response was that queueing for 12 hours was “the least I could do” to show appreciati­on for a woman who served her country right to the end, just as she had promised she would.

The response left the King “moved beyond measure” and it will be the public’s outpouring of love for Queen Elizabeth that will comfort the Royal family as they continue their period of royal mourning for the next seven days.

Within hours of the 6.30pm announceme­nt of the Queen’s death on Sept 8, floral tributes started to build up at Balmoral, where she died, at Buckingham Palace, Windsor Castle and at Sandringha­m.

Farmers mounted a guard of honour of tractors as the cortege passed through Royal Deeside

They wanted to show appreciati­on for a woman who served her country right to the end, just as she promised she would

Alongside the flowers there were Paddington Bears, jars of marmalade and even marmalade sandwiches, prompted by the Queen’s appearance with the children’s character during the Platinum Jubilee concert.

Electronic advertisin­g boards in Piccadilly Circus and around the country became part of the national act of mourning as they were switched to images of the late Queen.

The nation’s mourners mobilised early. Many descended on London, including fine art student Samuel Clarke, who jumped on the night bus from Edinburgh as soon as he heard the news of the Queen’s death so that he could be in the capital to pay his respects and capture the mood.

Long before the queue for Westminste­r Hall had started to form, there were queues to lay flowers; by Friday, Sept 9 there was a mile-long line from Marble Arch to Buckingham Palace. Almost anywhere that had an associatio­n with the late Queen was soon carpeted with flowers. The Bomber Command Memorial in Green Park, unveiled by Her Majesty in 2012, became a shrine, combining as it did the sense of duty and sacrifice seen not only in the sovereign but those who served in the name of the crown.

In every county, flowers built up at town halls, parks and civic centres, while local libraries opened books of condolence and prayers were said in places of worship of all faiths.

There were tributes from people who had served in the Armed Forces and their families, some of whom recalled that they only managed to survive the uncertaint­y of waiting for loved ones to return from war by reminding themselves they were fighting “for Queen and country”.

A lucky few were rewarded with a handshake from the King himself, who met the crowds outside the Palace the day after he had lost his mother, and on several occasions since, including an impromptu visit on Saturday to the queue with his son, the Prince of Wales, to thank mourners lining up in London in person.

The sight of the King being kissed on the cheek by a Cypriot tourist (who said she had acted spontaneou­sly because His Majesty “looked sad”) could not have been more of a contrast with the metronomic formality of his official mourning duties that were still to come.

On Saturday, Sept 10, Princes William and Harry set aside their difference­s to meet well-wishers outside Windsor Castle, together with their wives, the Princess of Wales and the Duchess of Sussex. It was an unexpected moment that was well received by the public.

On Sunday, Sept 11, it was the Scots who had the first chance to pay their respects in person, lining the route from Balmoral Castle to Edinburgh’s Palace of Holyroodho­use as the late Queen began “her last great journey”, as the King memorably put it.

Some threw flowers in front of the hearse, others cheered and clapped, while farmers mounted a guard of honour of tractors as the cortege passed through Royal Deeside.

Staff at Holyroodho­use were able to say a private goodbye to their “boss” as the coffin was kept in the Throne Room overnight, just as Balmoral staff could spend time with her coffin before six gamekeeper­s carried it to the hearse.

The following day the King, wearing military dress uniform, was joined by his siblings to march in step behind the Queen’s coffin along the Royal Mile as it was taken to St Giles’ Cathedral, the applause and cheering of Monday replaced by respectful, awed silence from the public as reality hit home.

As the coffin lay at rest in the cathedral, for 24 hours the Scottish people filed past, some of them queueing several times to absorb as much of the occasion as they could. The King, in a kilt, and his three siblings staged a vigil next to their mother’s coffin, which was topped with the Crown of Scotland, the oldest of the crowns she had once worn.

The first in the Edinburgh queue to see the coffin was George Higgins, a former Scots Guardsman, who went straight from his night shift as a security guard at the University of Edinburgh to start waiting in line at 6.45am. He stood for almost 12 hours, and had to start work again at 9.30 that night, meaning he went without sleep. It was “worth it”, he said, adding that giving “a couple of days of my time to say farewell” was a small sacrifice compared to the lifetime of service the Queen had given the country and the Commonweal­th.

Last Tuesday, as the Queen made her final homecoming to Buckingham Palace, traffic stopped on the A40 dual carriagewa­y as drivers got out of their cars and waited for the cortege to pass on its way from RAF Northolt. The purpose-built state hearse, designed with the Queen’s input, incorporat­ed bright internal lighting so that the

The coffin was pulled on a gun carriage by six black horses. Gasps rippled through the crowds lining The Mall

Her tribute was simple, but like so many of those who filed through Westminste­r Hall, she had also found it a spiritual experience

public could see the coffin, draped in the Royal Standard, even in the dark.

The coffin had been accompanie­d on the flight from Scotland, as it had been on the six-hour drive from Balmoral to Edinburgh, by the Princess Royal, who said it had been “an honour and a privilege” to do so. Seeing so many people turning out to show their love and respect for her mother had been “humbling and uplifting”, she said.

After one last night at Buckingham Palace, Wednesday was the day when the official lying in state began. The King and other members of the Royal family, including the Prince of Wales and the Duke of Sussex, walked behind the coffin as it was pulled on a gun carriage by six black horses. Gasps rippled through the crowds lining The Mall as the coffin passed.

Among them was Judith Kay, 71, who was given the middle name Elizabeth in honour of the Queen. “I feel so moved I can barely put it into words,” she said.

The Prince of Wales, on a visit to Sandringha­m last Friday, said the experience had brought back one of his saddest memories, of walking behind his mother Princess Diana’s coffin after her death in 1997.

As the late Queen’s coffin entered Westminste­r Hall, where it was placed on a catafalque and adorned with the Imperial State Crown, orb and sceptre, the queue for the lying in state was already two days old.

Vanessa Nanthakuma­ran, 56, from Harrow, camped out by the Thames for two nights before, at 5pm on Wednesday, she was allowed in.

“As I was going past I did a curtsy and prayers in my heart for her to be at peace, and I thanked her,” she said.

Her tribute was simple, but like so many of those who filed through Westminste­r Hall, she had also found it a spiritual experience.

For the Duke of York and for the Duke of Sussex, the lying in state also provided moments of redemption.

Banned from wearing military uniform in the coffin procession, Prince Andrew, who served with the Royal Navy in the Falklands War, was allowed to wear dress uniform as he joined the King, the Princess Royal and the Earl of Wessex in staging a vigil in Westminste­r Hall on Friday evening.

Prince Harry, who had two tours of duty in Afghanista­n, was granted a similar dispensati­on to wear his Blues and Royals No1 uniform when all eight of the Queen’s grandchild­ren stood vigil on Saturday night.

Kim Cole, 40, from Colorado, who saw the grandchild­ren’s vigil, said it was “hard to look at them because you can feel how emotional they are”.

Such was the public’s determinat­ion to honour the late Queen that even the 10-mile route that snaked from Southwark Park to Westminste­r could not contain them: at peak times there was a queue for the queue, and by Friday a queue for the queue for the queue, nicknamed the Elizabeth Line.

The queue became not only an incubator for new friendship­s, but was also a great leveller, as the likes of David Beckham, Tilda Swinton and Sharon Osbourne joined the rest of the public waiting their turn. Beckham admitted that even for someone as physically fit as a former internatio­nal footballer, the experience had left him with a sore back and feet.

World leaders, of course, were spared the need to queue, and as the first of 500 foreign dignitarie­s arrived on Saturday they were led into the Hall to pay their own respects. Yesterday US President Joe Biden stood alongside the British public as he gazed at the coffin, placing his hand over his heart.

Queen Elizabeth’s death has been not just a national but an internatio­nal event. Emmanuel Macron, the French President, paid one of the most eloquent tributes: “She held a special place in the hearts of the French people,” he said. “She who stood with the giants of the 20th century on the path of history has now left to join them ... To you [the British], she was your Queen. To us, she was The Queen.”

Today, as attention turns to the funeral itself, the servicemen and women taking part in the procession will want to make sure the woman to whom they swore allegiance is given perfection in their ceremonial duties.

As the Prince of Wales reportedly told them on a visit to the Pirbright training centre in Surrey on Saturday, the late Queen will “be looking down on the whole funeral service ... [observing] the detail of the soldiers, their dress and how the drill is carried out, its precision”.

Today, London will be the focus of the world, as the heads of almost every country on earth gather in Westminste­r Abbey to pay tribute to Queen Elizabeth II. Only when life returns to normal tomorrow will we fully understand her absence and grasp how much she will be missed.

 ?? ?? 11th September ► journey’s end Pallbearer­s carry the coffin of the Queen as the hearse arrives at the Palace of Holyroodho­use in Edinburgh, after its six-hour journey from Balmoral, the monarch’s Highland estate. The coffin was laid to rest overnight in Throne Room, before being moved to St Giles’ Cathedral in the Scottish capital the following day
11th September ► journey’s end Pallbearer­s carry the coffin of the Queen as the hearse arrives at the Palace of Holyroodho­use in Edinburgh, after its six-hour journey from Balmoral, the monarch’s Highland estate. The coffin was laid to rest overnight in Throne Room, before being moved to St Giles’ Cathedral in the Scottish capital the following day
 ?? ?? 8th September ► a black day Passers-by stop in the rain to admire a huge projection of Queen Elizabeth II at Piccadilly Circus in central London, following the announceme­nt of the 96-year-old monarch’s death, at Balmoral Castle. Many of the capital’s landmarks, including the BT Tower, dimmed their lights and beamed messages and pictures mourning the loss of Britain’s longest-reigning sovereign
8th September ► a black day Passers-by stop in the rain to admire a huge projection of Queen Elizabeth II at Piccadilly Circus in central London, following the announceme­nt of the 96-year-old monarch’s death, at Balmoral Castle. Many of the capital’s landmarks, including the BT Tower, dimmed their lights and beamed messages and pictures mourning the loss of Britain’s longest-reigning sovereign
 ?? ?? 10th September ► In bloom The Duke and Duchess of Sussex meet the public at Windsor Castle, after viewing the floral tributes to the Queen. The couple were joined by the Prince and Princess of Wales
10th September ► In bloom The Duke and Duchess of Sussex meet the public at Windsor Castle, after viewing the floral tributes to the Queen. The couple were joined by the Prince and Princess of Wales
 ?? ?? 9th September ► waves of emotion King Charles III and the Queen Consort wave to the crowds outside Buckingham Palace the day after Queen Elizabeth’s death. The King was greeted by kisses and shouts of ‘God Save the King’ during an ecstatic welcome from thousands of well-wishers in the first royal walkabout of his reign
9th September ► waves of emotion King Charles III and the Queen Consort wave to the crowds outside Buckingham Palace the day after Queen Elizabeth’s death. The King was greeted by kisses and shouts of ‘God Save the King’ during an ecstatic welcome from thousands of well-wishers in the first royal walkabout of his reign
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 ?? ?? 13th September ► emotional journey The Princess Royal looks out from the window of a car following the hearse carrying the coffin of Queen Elizabeth II as it departs St Giles’ Cathedral for Edinburgh Airport. Her Majesty’s coffin was flown to RAF Northolt, in west London, before travelling to Buckingham Palace
13th September ► emotional journey The Princess Royal looks out from the window of a car following the hearse carrying the coffin of Queen Elizabeth II as it departs St Giles’ Cathedral for Edinburgh Airport. Her Majesty’s coffin was flown to RAF Northolt, in west London, before travelling to Buckingham Palace
 ?? ?? 15th September ► carpet of flowers
Prince William, the Prince of Wales, and Catherine, the Princess of Wales, view the floral tributes left at the Norwich Gates, Sandringha­m, Norfolk
15th September ► carpet of flowers Prince William, the Prince of Wales, and Catherine, the Princess of Wales, view the floral tributes left at the Norwich Gates, Sandringha­m, Norfolk
 ?? ?? 17th September ► family pride Queen Elizabeth’s grandchild­ren (clockwise from front centre) the Prince of Wales, Peter Phillips, James, Viscount Severn, Princess Eugenie, the Duke of Sussex (at far end), Princess Beatrice, Lady Louise Windsor and Zara Tindall keep vigil beside the monarch’s coffin as she lies in state in Westminste­r Hall, at the Palace of Westminste­r
17th September ► family pride Queen Elizabeth’s grandchild­ren (clockwise from front centre) the Prince of Wales, Peter Phillips, James, Viscount Severn, Princess Eugenie, the Duke of Sussex (at far end), Princess Beatrice, Lady Louise Windsor and Zara Tindall keep vigil beside the monarch’s coffin as she lies in state in Westminste­r Hall, at the Palace of Westminste­r
 ?? ?? 16th September ► dutiful The Princess of Wales meets military personnel during a visit to the Army Training Centre Pirbright in Guildford, Surrey. The Prince and Princess of Wales visited troops from the Commonweal­th, deployed to the UK to take part in the funeral of Queen Elizabeth II
16th September ► dutiful The Princess of Wales meets military personnel during a visit to the Army Training Centre Pirbright in Guildford, Surrey. The Prince and Princess of Wales visited troops from the Commonweal­th, deployed to the UK to take part in the funeral of Queen Elizabeth II
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 ?? ?? 14th September ► palace farewell Queen Elizabeth’s coffin is conveyed by gun carriage of the King’s Troop, Royal Horse Artillery, from Buckingham Palace to the Palace of Westminste­r, for the monarch to lie in state at Westminste­r Hall until this morning’s funeral
14th September ► palace farewell Queen Elizabeth’s coffin is conveyed by gun carriage of the King’s Troop, Royal Horse Artillery, from Buckingham Palace to the Palace of Westminste­r, for the monarch to lie in state at Westminste­r Hall until this morning’s funeral
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