The Daily Telegraph



It is a topsy-turvy situation, resulting from three years’ confusion of policies. But if England does not wish to risk having her military victory of 1918 transforme­d into a diplomatic defeat she, the one Power that has shown herself ready to resist the Kemalist presumptio­n, must continue to play the part of watch-dog, and continue to have means at her disposal on the spot to enable her to do so effectivel­y.

For the moment, however, the transfer of Eastern Thrace to Turkish authority sets the Allies face to face with a most difficult and delicate operation. First of all, in order that the Mudania Convention shall be faithfully executed, about 60,000 Greek troops have to be evacuated during the next fortnight. If this were the sole problem, its solution would be merely a question of rolling stock and staff work. But before the Turks are installed in full and uncontroll­ed possession of the Province a month after the military evacuation has been completed an exodus of something like 300,000 Greek inhabitant­s will have to be coped with. It is not stipulated in the Convention that the Turks shall find no Greek in Eastern Thrace, but after the intensific­ation of racial hatred during these recent years of war, no Greek intends to risk being found there. In other words, within the short space of six weeks this vast migration of panic-stricken people will take place and swell to about 800,000 the total number of refugees with whom penniless and exhausted Greece has to deal. The fine weather of these last weeks cannot hold for ever, and it is feared that the anxieties about the misery and sufferings of which Eastern Thrace will be the scene are only too well justified.

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