The Daily Telegraph

The Windsor Framework

Key provisions of the new Brexit arrangemen­t



The deal introduces a green lane, under which traders moving goods from the UK mainland to Northern Ireland will be freed of paperwork, checks and duties. All goods destined for the EU will use the red lane, and will still be subject to checks. Food available on the shelves in Great Britain will be available in Northern Ireland. Data-sharing and labelling arrangemen­ts will help the system function. Checks may still be carried out on green lane goods, but only where smuggling is suspected. Businesses moving goods from Northern Ireland to Great Britain will not have to complete export declaratio­ns. Bans on certain products, such as sausages, seed potatoes and 11 native trees, entering from the mainland will be scrapped.


Rules under which pet owners had to show a vet’s health certificat­e and up-to-date rabies vaccinatio­n before every visit are scrapped. Owners only have to confirm their pet is microchipp­ed and will not move into the EU. Medicines for use in Northern Ireland are approved by the UK regulator, not the European Medicines Agency. Parcels will not be subject to full customs declaratio­ns. Parcel operators are required to share data with the EU to prevent smuggling.


VAT and excise rules will apply to Northern Ireland for immovable goods such as heat pumps and alcoholic drinks for immediate consumptio­n. EU VAT still applies for other items.


The proportion of EU rules applied in Northern Ireland is cut to less than 3 per cent. European Court of Justice remains the final arbiter over remaining rules. A “Stormont brake” allows the Northern Irish Assembly to object to new goods rules. The process will be triggered if 30 members in Stormont from two or more parties sign a petition. A 14-day consultati­on would follow, after which there would be a vote that would need support from both Unionists and nationalis­ts. Once the UK tells the EU the brake has been triggered, the rule cannot be implemente­d and can only be applied if the UK and EU agree. If Northern Ireland starts to diverge from the bloc’s rules, the EU has the power to take “remedial measures”.


This legislatio­n, introduced under Boris Johnson, which would have given the UK the power to scrap the old protocol deal, is ditched.

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