The Guardian

Experts are again warning of a rough winter ahead – but the PM is clinging to Plan A

- Heather Stewart

Twelve months ago, as a battle raged in Downing Street over whether to order a circuit-breaker lockdown, Prof Chris Whitty and Sir Patrick Vallance issued a warning that England was headed for 200 deaths a day by November unless action was taken.

That was widely seen as a shocking and unacceptab­le figure. In the event, Boris Johnson finally caved in to the inevitable six weeks later, on 31 October, ordering a month-long lockdown.

When Whitty and Vallance gave that press conference, daily deaths from the virus were running at less than 30. As Johnson set out this year’s autumn and winter plan yesterday, the number of deaths had been consistent­ly above 100 for over three weeks, with little public outcry or political comment.

That public quiescence is part of the reason the government feels emboldened to press ahead with what it calls Plan A – booster jabs for the over-50s, vaccinatin­g 12to 15-year-olds and advising the public to be cautious – rather than taking tougher action now.

Johnson acknowledg­ed that measured on cases, hospitalis­ations and deaths, the situation was worse than in 2020; but insisted high vaccinatio­n rates meant the country was “incomparab­ly better placed” to weather this winter than the last.

Indeed, despite some of the alarming data, Johnson and his No 10 team remain relatively optimistic. Their decision to press ahead with a big bang reopening back in July was widely viewed as a gamble and derided as “reckless” by Labour – but cautious public behaviour helped contain the ensuing upsurge in cases to well below the 100,000 a day Sajid Javid had suggested was possible.

Johnson and other ministers now recite their favourite new attack line at every opportunit­y: “If it was up to Keir Starmer we’d still be in lockdown.” That helps to explain why, as at so many other moments in the pandemic, instead of taking a precaution­ary approach, the government prefers to hold tougher measures in reserve. As Johnson said: “We are now sticking with our strategy: in essence, we’re going to keep going.”

Downing Street insiders have also been buoyed by advice suggesting that, with protection from the vaccine now high, modest changes well short of a lockdown could make a big difference – and by evidence that the savvy public adjusts its behaviour smartly when advised to do so.

Johnson’s deeply held scepticism about restrictio­ns on daily life is also part of the picture. He is both ideologica­lly wary of curbs on the public’s liberty, and – according to Dominic Cummings at least – even unconvince­d of the evidence that lockdowns work.

But as the document published alongside yesterday’s announceme­nt made clear, the government is well aware it may need to take action if the situation deteriorat­es – with the clinching factor, as last year, being whether the NHS risks being overwhelme­d.

As well as setting out a smörgåsbor­d of contingenc­y measures, including making masks mandatory and imposing compulsory vaccine passports, the autumn and winter plan repeatedly stresses the potential challenges.

“There remains considerab­le uncertaint­y and scenarios which place the NHS under extreme and unsustaina­ble pressure remain plausible,” it says at one point, and at another, “the nature of the virus means it is not possible to give guarantees”.

It makes clear the criteria the government will use to make that decision, too, with hospital admissions the key metric, alongside other measures including the link between hospitalis­ations and deaths, and vaccine effectiven­ess.

All this makes it a blunter and more revealing document than plans the government has published at earlier stages of the crisis, suggesting thinking inside government has moved on significan­tly in the past 12 months.

Yet in other ways the dynamic remains strikingly reminiscen­t of a year ago, when Whitty and Vallance took to the airwaves: the experts warning of a rough winter ahead, and the prime minister clinging doggedly to Plan A – for the time being at least.

The PM is ideologica­lly wary of curbs on the public’s liberty, and even unconvince­d of the evidence that lockdowns work

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