The Guardian

Dozens of lives lost at sea in deadliest day of refugee crisis

• Five women and one girl among victims after inflatable dinghy sinks during Channel crossing • Charities urge UK government to save lives by opening safe routes for asylum seekers

- Rajeev Syal Angelique Chrisafis Paris Diane Taylor

Dozens of people, including five women and a young girl, have died trying to cross the Channel to the UK in an inflatable dinghy, officials say, in what is the deadliest incident since the current crisis began.

Two survivors are in intensive care while police have arrested four people suspected of being linked to the drownings. The Internatio­nal Organisati­on for Migration said it was the biggest single loss of life in the Channel since it began collecting data in 2014.

Boris Johnson, who held a Cobra meeting yesterday to discuss the incident, said he was “appalled” by the tragedy. He suggested the French government had not always approached the issue of crossings “in a way we think the situation deserves”.

The French interior minister, Gérald Darmanin, said the dead included five women and a girl. He told an impromptu news conference in Calais that the boat that sank had been “very frail” and compared it to “a pool you blow up in your garden”.

He said 34 people were believed to have been on the boat before it sank. He said that authoritie­s found 31 bodies and two survivors, although French press reports later revised down the death toll to 27. Darmanin said one person was missing.

The survivors are in intensive care and it is unclear which country the victims originally came from, he said.

A rescue operation is under way by air and sea as French and British authoritie­s search for anyone still in the water.

Asked by broadcaste­rs in Downing Street what was going to change after this latest tragedy, Johnson said the two government­s should work closer together. “We’ve had difficulti­es persuading some of our partners, particular­ly the French, to do things in a way that we think the situation deserves. I understand the difficulti­es that all countries face, but what we want now is to do more together – and that’s the offer we are making.”

President Emmanuel Macron said that “France will not let the Channel become a cemetery” and promised to “find and condemn those responsibl­e” for the tragedy.

Later, No 10 said the two leaders had spoken and agreed “to do everything possible to stop the gangs responsibl­e for putting people’s lives at risk”. In a statement, it said: “Both leaders were clear that today’s tragic loss of life was a stark reminder that it is vital to keep all options on the table to stop these lethal crossings and break the business model of the criminal gangs behind them.”

Refugee charities urged the government to save lives by opening safe routes for asylum seekers to apply to come to the UK without taking to the sea. Enver Solomon, the chief executive of the Refugee Council, said: “How many tragedies like this must we see before the government fundamenta­lly changes its approach by committing to an ambitious expansion of safe routes for those men, women and children in desperate need of protection?

“Every day, people are forced to flee their homes through no fault of their own. Now is the time to end the cruel and ineffectiv­e tactic of seeking to punish or push away those who try and find safety in our country.”

An emergency search was sparked at about 2pm when a fishing boat sounded the alarm

‘Now is the time to end the cruel tactic of seeking to punish or push away those who seek safety here’

Enver Solomon Refugee Council

after spotting several people at sea off the coast of France. Unconfirme­d reports said that an inflatable dinghy had capsized.

One fisherman, Nicolas Margolle, told Reuters he had seen two small dinghies earlier in the day, one with people onboard and another empty.

He said another fisherman had called rescue services after seeing an empty dinghy and 15 people floating motionless nearby. He confirmed there were more dinghies trying to make the 21-mile journey yesterday because the weather was good. “But it’s cold,” Margolle said.

Whitehall sources told the Guardian they had recorded 14 deaths among people crossing the Channel in small boats since August 2019 before this incident. They also claimed that seven other people had been reported missing – five of those in the last month.

The latest deaths follow others reported but unverified in the Channel in recent weeks, amid a record number of people attempting the crossing. On 11 November, a total of 1,185 people arrived in England by boat, the most in a single day.

Until now, the largest loss of life in the Channel from a single boat came in October last year when a KurdishIra­nian family of five died after the boat they were travelling in sank.

They were Rasoul Iran-Nejad, 35, Shiva Mohammad Panahi, 35, Anita, nine, Armin, six, and 15-month-old Artin, whose body washed up on the coast of Norway months later.

A number of people are believed to have reached Britain in small boats yesterday, with some seen being brought ashore in Dover by immigratio­n officials. The Dover strait is the busiest shipping lane in the world.

More than 25,700 people have made the dangerous journey to the UK in small boats this year – three times the total for the whole of 2020, according to official figures. It was widely expected the number of crossings would reduce in the winter. Instead, bigger boats have been used to bring people in greater numbers.

November has been the busiest month on record with more than 6,000 having reached the UK, despite colder and rougher weather.

Tom Davies, Amnesty Internatio­nal UK’s refugee and migrant rights campaign manager, said the charity was “deeply saddened by the loss of these lives”, adding: “How many more times must we see people lose their life trying to reach safety in the UK because of the woeful lack of safe means to do so?

“We desperatel­y need a new approach to asylum – including genuine Anglo-French efforts to devise safe asylum routes to avoid such tragedies happening again.”

Britain has accused France of failing to control the situation. The French interior ministry says it is honouring its commitment­s to prevent the departures of small boats, with more than 600 police and gendarmes stationed on the north coast 24 hours a day. France says it has increased its success rate in stopping the crossings, with 62.5% of departures being stopped in 2021, up from about 50% last year.

‘How many times must we see people lose their lives trying to reach safety?’

Tom Davies Amnesty Internatio­nal

 ?? PHOTOGRAPH: BEN STANSALL/AFP/GETTY IMAGES ?? ▲ A mother helps her children on to
the beach at Dungeness after being rescued in the Channel yesterday
PHOTOGRAPH: BEN STANSALL/AFP/GETTY IMAGES ▲ A mother helps her children on to the beach at Dungeness after being rescued in the Channel yesterday
 ?? PHOTOGRAPH: AFP ?? ▲ Société Nationale de Sauvetage en Mer (SNSM) recover bodies after dozens of people drowned in the Channel after their boat capsized
PHOTOGRAPH: AFP ▲ Société Nationale de Sauvetage en Mer (SNSM) recover bodies after dozens of people drowned in the Channel after their boat capsized

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