The House


With 40 years’ experience in Parliament, Lord Forsyth fears the economy may have come full circle, as the problems of the 1970s bedevil the country once again

- Interview by John Johnston

Having started his political career more than 40 years ago, Lord Forsyth is concerned the spectre of the 1970s is once again hanging over the economy. Disrupted supply chains, surging energy prices and the pandemic have pushed inflation rates higher than most had expected – and while the Bank of England has claimed the issue is transitory, the Conservati­ve peer views its approach as “utterly complacent”.

As chair of the Lords Economic Affairs Committee, Forsyth launched a report in July which accused the BoE of having a “dangerous addiction” to quantitati­ve easing (QE), the process through which central banks attempt to pump money into an economy by purchasing government bonds. The comments provoked a rebuke from governor Andrew Bailey, who said the reference was “very damaging” to those suffering from addiction; he rejected the committee’s warning about inflation.

But Forsyth told The House the continued reliance on QE and the “insufficie­nt” parliament­ary accountabi­lity of the central bank continued to be a “really serious issue” facing the economy.

“When Mervyn King was governor, this was an extraordin­ary novel new policy, limited in scope. It was about addressing a particular problem after the [2008] financial crisis. The banks had run out of money, and it was providing liquidity to keep the show on the road,” he says.

“Since then, it has grown enormously. Now, whenever there is a financial problem, the answer is QE; whatever the diagnosis, the answer is QE.”

While Forsyth has welcomed the economic response to the pandemic led by Chancellor Rishi Sunak and expressed support for the Prime Minister’s ambitions for a high skill, high wage economy, he believes the next big question is about how that is achieved.

“I absolutely do not agree with those Conservati­ves who are saying the answer is just to borrow money to support this part of the economy. That is not sustainabl­e. What we need to do is actually generate wealth, and that means creating the conditions in which we can see the economy growing again.

“It was a completely different situation in the 70s, but when we were hit by the oil price shock, the response was to try and control prices and it was a disaster.

“The lesson of history is that government­s that try to control prices and incomes end up in great difficulty.

“Even the Emperor Diocletian who introduced the death penalty for raising prices failed with his prices and incomes policy.”

Having served in several ministeria­l posts, including as secretary of state for Scotland before joining the Lords, Forsyth warns that what he sees as a current culture of side-lining the work of peers puts the government at a disadvanta­ge. Partly he blames this on a lack of press coverage, saying that an article written in The Guardian or The Telegraph is more likely to pique a senior politician’s interest than a select committee report. But he points to recent work on Universal Credit, student loans and Afghanista­n as evidence that ministers had been given ample warning about the crises which have hit the government in recent years.

“Increasing­ly I find, and it’s also true in the Commons, that frankly the responses from the government are not good enough.

“These are evidence-based reports that are unanimousl­y agreed, and they really need to be taken more seriously. They tend to be looking well ahead to the opportunit­ies and the pitfalls. Parliament needs to reassert itself a bit more strongly.”

He adds: “[The Lords] are bringing in people who know what they are talking about to look at the evidence.

“In the Lords, it is much less partisan; they are a really important resource and all one can do is continue to plug away.”

Forsyth urges both Houses to exert more control over the legislativ­e process, highlighti­ng how the historical­ly “rare and controvers­ial” practice of “guillotini­ng” bills had become common place, leading to poorly drafted legislatio­n coming before the Lords.

“I see it in the operations of [the Commons]; if they don’t take themselves seriously then they can hardly expect others to do so.”

“Even the Emperor Diocletian who introduced the death penalty for raising prices failed with his prices and incomes policy”

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