The Independent

ON THIS DAY

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1770: Scottish explorer James Bruce discovered the source of the Blue Nile.

1840: Impression­ist painter Claude Monet was born in Paris.

1896: The speed limit for horseless carriages was raised from 4mph (2mph in towns) to 14mph. It was marked by the first London to Brighton car run, which became a regular and official event from 1927.

1922: The British Broadcasti­ng Company began daily transmissi­ons. At 6pm the news was read by Arthur Burrows, once at normal speed and once at slow speed.

1932: Book tokens went on sale in Britain for the first time.

1940: Coventry Cathedral was destroyed by bombing from the German air force. More than 1,000 civilians died in the raid.

1941: The aircraft carrier Ark Royal sank near Gibraltar after being hit by an enemy torpedo.

1952: Britain's first hit parade was published in the New Musical Express. Al Martino’s ‘Here In My Heart’ was the first number one.

1963: A volcanic eruption under the sea off Iceland created the new island of Surtsey.

2010: British couple Paul and Rachel Chandler left Somalia after more than a year in captivity. The retired couple were abducted as they sailed their yacht off the Seychelles in October 2009.

On this day last year: Adele sat down with American chat show host Oprah Winfrey to launch her eagerly awaited album, 30.

Birthdays

The King, 74;

Bernard Hinault, cyclist, five-time winner of the Tour de France, 68;

Letitia Dean, actress, 55;

Adam Gilchrist, former cricketer, 51;

Faye Tozer, former Steps singer, 47;

Russell Tovey, actor, 41;

Karim Zeroual, TV presenter, 29;

Francisco Lindor, baseball player, 29.

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 ?? (Getty) ?? T he ruins of Coventry Cathedra l , destroyed on this day in 1940
(Getty) T he ruins of Coventry Cathedra l , destroyed on this day in 1940
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