The Independent



1665: Queen Anne, last Stuart ruler, second daughter of James II, was born in London.

1685: The “merry monarch” Charles II died. Some say his last words to his brother James were: “Don’t let poor Nellie starve” – a reference to his favourite mistress Nell Gwyn.

1783: English landscape gardener Lancelot “Capability” Brown died. Kew Gardens and the grounds at Blenheim Palace are

examples of his work. 1788: Massachuse­tts became the sixth state of the United States.

1838: Sir Henry Irving, English actor, was born in Somerset. He was the first actor to be knighted.

1918: The Representa­tion of the People Act received royal assent, granting the vote to women over 30.

1927: A boy violinist in short trousers, aged 10, caused a sensation in Paris when he performed Symphonie espagnole. The child prodigy was Yehudi Menuhin.

1952: King George VI died during the night at Sandringha­m, aged 56. His daughter, on safari in Africa at the time, succeeded as Elizabeth II.

1958: Seven Manchester United footballer­s – the Busby Babes – were killed when their plane crashed in thick snow at Munich airport. An eighth, Duncan Edwards, died 15 days later in hospital.

1983: Nazi fugitive Klaus Barbie was charged in Lyon, France, with crimes against humanity.

1997: A widow was allowed to be inseminate­d with her dead husband’s sperm by the Court of Appeal in a historic judgment.

2001: Ariel Sharon, leader of the right-wing Likud party, became the new prime minister of Israel.

On this day last year: The Queen became the first British monarch in history to celebrate a platinum jubilee. Her eldest son became King Charles III when she died on 8 September.

Birthdays: Jimmy Tarbuck, comedian, 83; Kevin Whately, actor, 72; Axl Rose, rock singer, 61; Rick Astley, singer, 57; Alice Eve, actor, 41.

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 ?? (PA) ?? T he Munich air crash took the l ives of seven Manchester United p l ayers on this day in 1958
(PA) T he Munich air crash took the l ives of seven Manchester United p l ayers on this day in 1958
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