The Independent



1791: The optical telegraph (semaphore machine) was unveiled in Paris.

1836: Texas was proclaimed a republic, independen­t of Mexico.

1882: Robert MacLean tried unsuccessf­ully to assassinat­e Queen Victoria at Windsor.

1930: Novelist DH Lawrence died in France of tuberculos­is.

1949: The first round-the-world non-stop flight was completed by Captain James Gallagher and his 13-man USAF crew. It took 94 hours, during which the plane, Lucky Lady II, was refuelled four times in flight.

1958: A British team led by Vivian Fuchs completed the first crossing of the Antarctic, covering 2,158 miles from the Weddell Sea to the Ross Sea in 99 days.

1969: The French-built supersonic airliner Concorde made its maiden flight from Toulouse.

1970: Southern Rhodesia broke away from Britain and became a republic under Ian Smith.

1986: The Queen signed the Australia Bill in Canberra, formally severing any Australian constituti­onal ties with Britain.

1988: A new political party was born when Liberals merged with the Social Democrats to form the Social and Liberal Democrats.

1995: Financial dealer Nick Leeson, whose multimilli­on-pound dealings on the high-risk derivative­s market in Singapore bankrupted Barings Bank, was arrested at Frankfurt airport after a week-long manhunt.

On this day last year: There is no black hole in the system previously thought to house the closest black hole to Earth, astronomer­s found.


John Irving, novelist, 81; JPR Williams, former rugby player, 74; John Altman, actor, 71; Ian Woosnam, golfer, 65; Jon Bon Jovi, actor/rock singer, 61; Daniel Craig, actor, 55; James Arthur, singer, 35.


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 ?? (AFP/Getty) ?? Concorde made its maiden f l ight from Tou l ouse on this day in 1969
(AFP/Getty) Concorde made its maiden f l ight from Tou l ouse on this day in 1969

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