Are you inclined towards wishful thinking?
Below you will find a list of thoughts, feelings and behaviour. Indicate the extent to which they apply to you on a scale from 0 (not at all) to 5 (completely).
1. Above average intelligence □
2. Things will work out in your favour □
3. Above average attractiveness □
4. The worst is behind you □
5. Above average compassion □
Higher scores suggest a greater inclination to wishful thinking.
‘There are two kinds of truth,’ argued philosopher Gottfried Leibniz; ‘truths of reasoning and truths of fact.’ ‘Humans are not a rational animal,’ said social psychologist Leon Festinger, ‘but a rationalising one.’
Psychoanalyst Karen Horney defined rationalisation as ‘selfdeception by reasoning’. Orator Demosthenes said: ‘Nothing is easier than selfdeceit. For what each man wishes, that he also believes to be true.’
Weigh risks with evidence and challenge optimistic tendencies, especially when the stakes are high. According to publisher Malcolm Forbes: ‘The best vision is insight.’