Fukuyama: career in brief
1952 Born in Chicago to a secondgeneration Japanese-American father and Japanese mother. Brought up in Manhattan.
1974 Studies classics at Cornell University, then comparative literature at Yale, with six months in Paris under Roland Barthes and Jacques Derrida. Later receives a PhD in political science from Harvard University with a thesis on the Soviet Union’s threat of intervention in the Middle East.
1981 Recruited into Ronald Reagan’s US state department by Paul Wolfowitz, helping to shape foreign policy; later rejoins during George Bush senior’s presidency.
1992 First major work, The End of History and the Last Man, is met with great acclaim. He argues in it that the ideological evolution of humankind is over, with western liberal democracy as the victor. 1995 Looks at economic systems around the world in second book Trust.
2002 Argues in his book Our Posthuman Future: Consequences of the Biotechnology Revolution for more regulation of biotechnology.
2005 Helps found bi-montly magazine the American Interest. Later becomes chairman of the editorial board.
2006 Distances himself from neoconservatism in America at the Crossroads, in which he criticises George W Bush and the Iraq war. Two years later, he endorses Barack Obama for president because of the mistakes of the Bush government.
2011 Discusses the stability of the state in The Origins of Political Order. Follows this with Political Order and Political Decay in 2014. 2018 Publishes his new work, Identity: Contemporary Identity Politics and the Struggle for Recognition.
He says: “What is happening in the politics of the United States particularly, but I also think in other countries, is that identity in a form of nationality or ethnicity or race has become a proxy for class.” (Open Democracy, Jan 2017)
They say: “A fascinating historical and philosophical setting for the 21st century.” Tom Wolfe on The End of History and the Last Man.