On this day
1642: Montreal in Canada was founded.
1804: Napoleon Bonaparte was proclaimed Emperor of France.
1830: Edwin Budding of Gloucestershire signed an agreement for the manufacture of his invention, the lawnmower. The first customer was Regent’s Park Zoo.
1872: Bertrand Russell, philosopher, mathematician, nuclear disarmer and winner of the Nobel Prize for Literature, was born in Trelleck, Monmouthshire.
1882: The present Eddystone Lighthouse was opened.
1909: Birth of tennis star Fred Perry, three times Wimbledon men’s singles champion, pictured.
The European Convention on Human Rights came into force. 1961: The first London production of The Sound Of Music opened.
Mount St Helens volcano in the American state of Washington erupted, killing 100 people. A cloud of ash 2,500 miles long and 1,000 miles wide was created. 1990: A treaty was signed in Bonn introducing economic and monetary union between East and West Germany.
ON THIS DAY LAST YEAR: Experts revealed that wounds found on three great white shark carcasses which washed up on South African beaches indicated that the formidable ocean predator was itself hunted by killer whales. Miriam Margolyes, actress, 77; Nobby Stiles, former footballer, 76; Rick Wakeman, musician, 69; Chow Yun-Fat, actor, 63; Toyah Willcox, singer/actress, 60; Holly Aird, actress, 49; Martika, singer and actress, 49; Tina Fey, actress/comedian 48. To submit a photo for the P&J junior club, send it in advance, along with your child’s name, address and date of birth, to firstname.lastname@example.org or phone 01224 343335.