The Press and Journal (Inverness, Highlands, and Islands)

On this day

- Battle · Ferdinand Magellan · Philippines · Roman Empire · London · Massachusetts · Regent's Park · San Francisco · United Kingdom · South Africa · Africa · British House of Commons · Canadian House of Commons · Darcey Bussell · Paris · Samuel Morse · Golden Gate University · Betty Boothroyd · Whitehall · Anouk Aimée · Fish · Ann Peebles · Peeblesshire · Sheena Easton · Mica Paris · Jenna-Louise Coleman

1296: The English beat the Scots at the Bat­tle of Dun­bar.

1521: Por­tuguese ex­plorer Fer­di­nand Mag­el­lan was killed by na­tives in the Philip­pines at the Bat­tle Mac­tan.

1737: Ed­ward Gib­bon, the English historian who wrote The De­cline And Fall Of The Ro­man Em­pire, was born in Lon­don.

1791: Sa­muel Morse, in­ven­tor of Morse Code, was born in Mas­sachusetts. He made his liv­ing as a por­trait painter.

1810: Beethoven’s piano piece Fur Elise was pub­lished.

1828: Lon­don Zoo­log­i­cal Gar­dens opened in Re­gent’s Park. of 1937: Con­struc­tion of the Golden Gate Bridge in San Fran­cisco, pic­tured, was com­pleted. At 4,200ft, it was the long­est in the world at the time.

1939: In Bri­tain, con­scrip­tion was in­tro­duced for the first time since First World War.

1950: Apartheid in South Africa (the Group Ar­eas Act) was passed, for­mally seg­re­gat­ing races.

1968: Abor­tion was in Bri­tain. the le­galised 1992: Betty Boothroyd be­came the first woman to be elected speaker of the Bri­tish House of Com­mons in its 700-year his­tory.

1994: The first demo­cratic gen­eral elec­tion was held in South Africa, in which black cit­i­zens could vote.

ON THIS DAY LAST YEAR:

A man armed with sev­eral knives was ar­rested in White­hall on sus­pi­cion of plan­ning a ter­ror at­tack.

BIRTH­DAYS: Anouk Aimee, ac­tress, 86; Michael Fish, for­mer TV weath­er­man, 74; Ann Pee­bles, singer, 71; Sheena Eas­ton, singer, 59; Darcey Bus­sell, re­tired bal­let dancer, 49; Mica Paris, singer/TV pre­sen­ter, 49; Jenna-Louise Cole­man, ac­tress, 32.

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