The Scarborough News

What the Romans left for us ...

- PICTURE SHOWS A ROMAN RE-ENACTMENT EVENT AT SCARBOROUG­H CASTLE

While York was a major city in the Roman Empire, little is known about their use of the Yorkshire coast.

A Roman signal station was discovered in the grounds of Scarboroug­h Castle during the partial excavation of the site between 1920 and 1924, which are now laid out for the public to view. The station was part of a string of lookouts along the coast in the

4th century AD to warn of invaders. Other stations are recorded at Huntcliff, Goldsborou­gh, Ravenscar and Filey, while, at Whitby, Roman material found suggests that there was a sixth outpost.

The signal station in Scarboroug­h comprised a square, ditched enclosure with rounded corners and small angle bastions. It had a diameter of 33m and enclosed a small courtyard containing a double-stepped plinth which formed the base for a central tower between 27m and 30m high. The signal tower was built of wood but had stone foundation­s and was guarded by a gatehouse that controlled the entrance into the courtyard. Roman coins found in the castle grounds show the station was built in c. AD 370 and occupied almost continuous­ly until the early 5th century when it was overrun and destroyed. A well-known Roman site in the North York Moors is the Cawthorn military complex at Cropton, near Pickering. Long considered a group of military practise camps, it is now clear that the well-preserved earthwork remains include two forts, one with an annexe, together with a temporary camp.

 ??  ??

Newspapers in English

Newspapers from UK