NOW & THEN

The Scotsman - - OBITUARIES -

11 MAY

AD868: The first printed book, known as the Di­a­mond Su­tra, was pub­lished in China. It was dis­cov­ered in 1900.

1685: Two fe­male Covenan­ters were ex­e­cuted by drown­ing at Wigtown.

1812: Spencer Perce­val, Tory prime min­is­ter, was shot and killed by a bank­rupt Liver­pool bro­ker, John Belling­ham, as he en­tered the House of Com­mons.

1940: Win­ston Churchill be­came head of the war­time coali­tion gov­ern­ment.

1941: House of Com­mons cham­ber de­stroyed in blitz bomb­ing which, on same night, dam­aged West­min­ster Abbey, the Bri­tish Mu­seum and four main­line sta­tions. The death toll was 1,400.

1949: Is­rael was ad­mit­ted to United Na­tions.

1949: Siam changed name to Thailand.

1962: Prince Charles be­came a pupil at Gor­don­stoun School.

1971: The Daily Sketch closed af­ter 62 years.

1973: Lower House of West Ger­man leg­is­la­ture rat­i­fied treaty es­tab­lish­ing for­mal re­la­tions be­tween the two halves of di­vided Ger­many.

1983: Aberdeen FC won the Euro­pean Cup- win­ners’ Cup by beat­ing Real Madrid 2- 1 in Gothenburg.

1985: Fire broke out in the main stand of Brad­ford City foot­ball ground and 56 spec­ta­tors died.

1989: New Of­fi­cial Se­crets Act given Royal Assent.

1991: New pro­pos­als were made to avert a dead­lock be­tween Bri­tain and its Euro­pean part­ners over eco­nomic and mon­e­tary union.

1992: Ju­dith Ward, jailed for life in 1974 for the M62 coach bomb­ing in which 12 peo­ple died, was re­leased on bail pend­ing an Ap­peal Court hear­ing. Her con­vic­tion was later quashed.

1994: The late Mar­quess of Bute left an es­tate val­ued at

£ 144 mil­lion, the bulk of it in trust to his son and heir, rac­ing driver Johnny Dum­fries.

1995: The Nolan Com­mit­tee rec­om­mended strin­gent re­stric­tions on the free­dom of MPS to make money from out­side in­ter­ests.

1997: IBM Deep Blue, a chess­play­ing su­per­com­puter, de­feated Garry Kas­parov in the last game of the re­match, be­com­ing the first com­puter to beat a world- cham­pion chess player in a clas­sic match for­mat.

2004: Nine peo­ple died when an ex­plo­sion de­stroyed the four­storey Stock­line Plas­tics fac­tory in Mary­hill, Glas­gow. Seven peo­ple were pulled alive from the wreck­age.

2010: Con­ser­va­tive leader David Cameron be­came the new UK prime min­is­ter af­ter the res­ig­na­tion of Labour leader Gor­don Brown.

2011: A mag­ni­tude 5.3 earthquake killed ten peo­ple and dam­aged sev­eral build­ings near the town of Lorca in south­ern Spain.

2011: Scot­tish po­lice mounted a crack­down on driv­ers not wear­ing their seat­belts which led to 428 driv­ers and 26 pas­sen­gers be­ing caught.

2014: The an­nual Sun­day Times su­per- rich list re­vealed that the num­ber of bil­lion­aires liv­ing in the UK rose to more than 100 for the first time.

BIRTHDAYS

Eric Bur­don, pop singer ( The An­i­mals), 78; Frances Fisher, Bri­tish ac­tress, 67; John Par­rott MBE, snooker player and com­men­ta­tor, 55; Jeremy Pax­man, Bri­tish broad­caster, 69; Ian Red­path, Aus­tralian crick­eter, 78; Holly Valance, Aus­tralian ac­tress and singer, 36; Ju­dith Weir CBE, Bri­tish com­poser, 65

ANNIVERSAR­IES

Births: 1713 James Drum­mond, 3rd Duke of Perth, a noted Ja­co­bite and Lieu­tenant Gen­eral in the army of Prince Charles Ed­ward Stu­art; 1888 Irv­ing Ber­lin, Amer­i­can song writer; 1889 Paul Nash, artist; 1892 Dame Mar­garet Ruther­ford, ac­tress; 1904 Sal­vador Dali, Span­ish artist; 1912 Phil Sil­vers, com­edy ac­tor; 1963 Natasha Richard­son, stage and screen ac­tress.

Deaths: 1778 Wil­liam Pitt the Elder1812 Spencer Perce­val, prime min­is­ter ( as­sas­si­nated); 1871 Sir John Her­schel, pioneer of ce­les­tial photograph­y; 1848 Tom Cribb, prize­fighter; 1981 Bob Mar­ley, reg­gae mu­si­cian; 1988 Harold ‘ Kim’ Philby, dou­ble agent; 2001 Dou­glas Adams, au­thor ( The Hitch­hiker’s Guide to the Galaxy); 2006 Floyd Pat­ter­son, world box­ing cham­pion; 2008 Jeff Tor­ring­ton, Gor­bals- born writer ( Swing, Ham­mer, Swing).

0 On this day in 1962, Prince Charles fol­lowed in his fa­ther’s foot­steps to be­come a pupil at Gor­don­stoun School

PAM FER­RIS Bri­tish ac­tress, 71

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