The Scottish Mail on Sunday

Thanks to Tony Blair’s deeply unjust treaty, it’s one rule for Americans – and another for Britons


IT HAS been just over a week since we re-establishe­d our status as an independen­t, sovereign nation, pursuing our own way in the world. And yet, in Westminste­r Magistrate­s Court last week, we saw a vivid example of Britain already surrenderi­ng its sovereignt­y, this time over its justice system, with the formal arrest of Dr Mike Lynch for potential extraditio­n to America.

Dr Lynch is one of this country’s most successful entreprene­urs. He founded an innovative British company, Autonomy, which in 2011 was bought by HewlettPac­kard. Now American prosecutor­s are claiming that he should be tried in America on charges about the way he ran that company, and how it was sold to HP, which has accused him of fraud.

But British justice is in motion. The Serious Fraud Office investigat­ed the allegation­s against him and decided that there was no case for prosecutio­n in 2015.

HP also brought a civil case against Dr Lynch in the High Court here. It has just concluded after ten months of exhaustive testimony and the judge will rule in due course. That case reviewed millions of documents and heard dozens of witnesses in open court.

Dr Lynch himself was on the witness stand for more than a month, one of the longest cross-examinatio­ns on record.

There can be no doubt that Dr Lynch has faced justice in the UK, and that whatever the outcome, our system is working.

Yet before the judge can deliver a verdict, the Home Secretary has certified that Dr Lynch should be spirited away to America.

THE fact that he was arrested at all brings into sharp relief the problems with our relationsh­ip with the United States. When the US Department of Justice requests the extraditio­n of a UK citizen, we effectivel­y have no choice but to cough them up. The UK-US extraditio­n treaty of 2003 says that the Home Secretary ‘must’ process the request.

The US prosecutor­s have no requiremen­t to prove their case beyond stating ‘reasonable suspicion’, and there is no prima facie considerat­ion of the charges in the UK.

Conversely, for the UK to extradite from the US, we have to clear a higher burden of demonstrat­ing ‘probable cause’, which – unlike in the UK – can be challenged in the courts. After that, the US Secretary of State ‘may’ process the request.

What the US ‘may’ choose to do was made crystal clear in the recent case of Anne Sacoolas and the death of Harry Dunn.

The US-UK extraditio­n treaty is a bad treaty. It was negotiated in secret by Tony Blair’s Labour Government, debated in haste and enacted unilateral­ly by Blair over strenuous objections from all sides of the Houses of Parliament. Its rapid passage was intended to enable the fast-track processing of potential terrorists after 9/11, yet that is not how it has been used.

The proof of the imbalance is in the numbers. Since 2007, the UK has surrendere­d 135 UK nationals to the US, 99 of which were for non-violent crimes. During the same period the US has surrendere­d only 11 to Britain. This cannot be the outcome of a fair system being properly applied. Dr Lynch now faces the prospect of adding to these grim statistics. In his case, the alleged conduct all took place in the UK, under UK law. We are now looking at the bizarre prospect that a UK citizen could be tried and potentiall­y acquitted by a British judge, where the burden of proof against him is lower, but find himself in a US prison facing a charge where the burden is higher, before the UK case has even been decided.

Why would we give the US justice system priority over our own? Should Dr Lynch be extradited and denied bail, as most foreign suspects are, he will face appalling conditions that are much worse than anything found in the UK. He will likely find himself in a high-security prison in a cramped cell with gang members, drug dealers and murderers.

And by potentiall­y selling him down that river, we will be sending him to a place where 97 per cent of cases are settled by plea bargains.

People who have previously been extradited to the US have been told that if they pleaded not guilty, they would be denied bail and get 35 years in a highsecuri­ty US prison, but if they pleaded guilty, they would get only three years, possibly serving some of it in a British jail.

Prosecutor­s will use this practice to try to convince Dr Lynch to admit guilt to a lesser charge. If he refuses, he will face the prospect of a deliberate­ly intimidati­ng lengthy sentence, and the costs of the trial could run into millions.

Dr Lynch is right to resist extraditio­n. He is standing up for all of us against this unfair system.

It will send a chill wind through ‘global Britain’ if all UK businesses are effectivel­y forced to comply with US laws and standards, and subject to US prosecutio­n if they do not.

It would cripple the City and Britain’s ability to determine its own future.

That is why we need to look again at our extraditio­n arrangemen­ts. They affect our ability to set and enforce our own laws.

We need to ensure our arrangemen­ts are fair, balanced and based on reciprocit­y. We need to give British citizens, including our businessme­n and entreprene­urs, the protection, certainty and justice that they deserve.

We are selling one of Britain’s most successful technology entreprene­urs down the river

 ??  ?? DOUBLE JEOPARDY: Mike Lynch faces extraditio­n even after a UK trial
DOUBLE JEOPARDY: Mike Lynch faces extraditio­n even after a UK trial
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